Locus Summary

Gene:MIR1275; microRNA 1275
Aliases: MIRN1275, mir-1275, hsa-mir-1275
Summary:microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Databases:miRBase, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Source:NCBIAccessed: 31 August, 2019

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1994-2019)
Graph generated 01 September 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

Tag cloud generated 31 August, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

MicroRNA Function

Numbers shown below represent number of publications held in OncomiRDB database for Oncogenic and Tumor-Suppressive MicroRNAs.

TissueTarget Gene(s)Regulator(s)MIR1275 Function in CancerEffect
brain (1)
-glioma stem-like cell (1)
CLDN11 (1)
promote H3K27me3 (1)
increase cell growth (1)
oncogenic (1)

Source: OncomiRDB Wang D. et al. Bioinformatics 2014, 30(15):2237-2238.

Latest Publications: MIR1275 (cancer-related)

Liu MD, Wu H, Wang S, et al.
MiR-1275 promotes cell migration, invasion and proliferation in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck via up-regulating IGF-1R and CCR7.
Gene. 2018; 646:1-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
PURPOSE: miRNAs can play vital role in migration, invasion and proliferation in Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN). In our study, we attempted to validate the expression and function of miR-1275 in SCCHN, and we also identified the mechanism by which miR-1275 affects migration, invasion and proliferation of SCCHN.
METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed to evaluate the expression of miR-1275 in both SCCHN tissues and cell lines. The role of miR-1275 in SCCHN cells was verified by cell function experiments upon transfection with miR-1275 mimics and inhibitor. Western blot analysis was employed to test the target gene expression of miR-1275. Survival analysis was made with the information of SCCHN patients expressed miR-1275 from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database.
RESULTS: miR-1275 expression was up-regulated in SCCHN tissues and advanced metastatic SCCHN cells. Increasing miR-1275 expression in SCCHN could promote cell migration, invasion and proliferation probably by upregulating Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7(CCR7) protein levels, whereas inhibition of miR-1275 could lead the opposite effects, although others have already demonstrated that IGF-1R is a direct target of miR-1275. Survival analysis suggested that patients with lower miR-1275 expression may have a better outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: Herein we report for the first time that miR-1275 could act as a tumor-promoter in SCCHN possibly by regulating its target gene via novel miRNA mechanisms. MiR-1275 plays an important role in promoting SCCHN progression. The miR-1275 may be a potential therapeutic target for SCCHN treatment in the future.

Ozdogan H, Gur Dedeoglu B, Oztemur Islakoglu Y, et al.
DICER1 gene and miRNA dysregulation in mesenchymal stem cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloblastic leukemia.
Leuk Res. 2017; 63:62-71 [PubMed] Related Publications
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are key components of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. The contribution of this microenvironment to the pathophysiology of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not well defined. A recent study in mice demonstrated that DICER1 gene deletion in osteoprogenitor cells from the BM microenvironment suppressed osteogenic differentiation and induced MDS and AML-like haematological findings. The present study evaluated the expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) and DICER1 gene in BM-derived MSC of patients with AML (n=12), MDS (n=10) and healthy controls (HC) (n=8).miRNA expression profiles were analyzed by microarray and confirmations were performed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Patient MSC displayed impaired proliferative and differentiation potential compared to HC. DICER1 gene expression was lower in MSC from MDS and AML patients than HC and some differentially expressed miRNAs indicated the potential involvement of DICER1 in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML. qRT-PCR confirmation revealed down-regulated miRNAs (hsa-miR-30d-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p and hsa-miR-30a-3p in MDS; hsa-miR-1275, hsa-miR-4725-5p and hsa-miR-143-3p in AML) and over-expressed miRNAs (hsa-miR-4462 in MDS; hsa-miR-134-5p and hsa-miR-874-3p in AML) in MDS and AML. Thus, our findings validate the results of the aforementioned animal study and demonstrate downregulation of DICER1 gene and abnormal miRNA profile in MDS and AML, which may have implications for understanding MDS and AML pathogenesis and contribute to developing targeted treatment strategies.

Ozbayer C, Degirmenci I, Ustuner D, et al.
miRSNPs of miR1274 and miR3202 Genes that Target MeCP2 and DNMT3b Are Associated with Lung Cancer Risk: A Study Conducted on MassARRAY Genotyping.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 2016; 35(3):223-236 [PubMed] Related Publications
Genetic variants of miRNAs that target DNMTs and MBDs involved in DNA methylation were scanned with current databases, and 35 miRSNPs in 22 miRNA genes were identified. The aim of the study was to determine the association between these variants of miRNA genes and lung cancer (LC). DNA samples were isolated from blood samples and genotyped using a Sequenom MassARRAY System. An association between the rs188912830 gene variant of miR3202 that targets the MeCP2 protein and LC was indicated in both subtypes. The presence of the C-allele in patients with LC and its subtypes was significantly lower, and the absence of the C-allele was determined to increase the risk of LC by 7,429-times compared to the presence (p=0,010). The rs318039 gene variant of miR1274 that targets DNMT3b was found to be associated with LC subtypes. When allele distributions were compared, the numbers of individuals with the C-allele were significantly lower in the NSCLC and SCLC groups. No significant associations were found for the rs72563729 variant of the miR200b gene that targets DNMT3a or for the rs145416750 variant of the miR513c gene that targets TRDMT1. The other 33 variants were found to be ancestral genotypes. Consequently, rs188912830 and rs318039 variations were associated with LC subtypes. Importantly, this study is the first to indicate the functional characterisation of miRSNPs of genes that target DNA methylation.

Parafioriti A, Bason C, Armiraglio E, et al.
Ewing's Sarcoma: An Analysis of miRNA Expression Profiles and Target Genes in Paraffin-Embedded Primary Tumor Tissue.
Int J Mol Sci. 2016; 17(5) [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
The molecular mechanism responsible for Ewing's Sarcoma (ES) remains largely unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs able to regulate gene expression, are deregulated in tumors and may serve as a tool for diagnosis and prediction. However, the status of miRNAs in ES has not yet been thoroughly investigated. This study compared global miRNAs expression in paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples from 20 ES patients, affected by primary untreated tumors, with miRNAs expressed in normal human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) by microarray analysis. A miRTarBase database was used to identify the predicted target genes for differentially expressed miRNAs. The miRNAs microarray analysis revealed distinct patterns of miRNAs expression between ES samples and normal MSCs. 58 of the 954 analyzed miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed in ES samples compared to MSCs. Moreover, the qRT-PCR analysis carried out on three selected miRNAs showed that miR-181b, miR-1915 and miR-1275 were significantly aberrantly regulated, confirming the microarray results. Bio-database analysis identified BCL-2 as a bona fide target gene of the miR-21, miR-181a, miR-181b, miR-29a, miR-29b, miR-497, miR-195, miR-let-7a, miR-34a and miR-1915. Using paraffin-embedded tissues from ES patients, this study has identified several potential target miRNAs and one gene that might be considered a novel critical biomarker for ES pathogenesis.

Manikandan M, Deva Magendhra Rao AK, Arunkumar G, et al.
Oral squamous cell carcinoma: microRNA expression profiling and integrative analyses for elucidation of tumourigenesis mechanism.
Mol Cancer. 2016; 15:28 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: The advantages and utility of microRNAs (miRNAs) as diagnostic and prognostic cancer markers is at the vanguard in recent years. In this study, we attempted to identify and validate the differential expression of miRNAs in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), to correlate their expression with the clinico-pathological profile of tumours and to identify the signaling pathways through which the aberrantly expressed miRNAs effect tumourigenesis.
METHODS: miRCURY LNA™ array with probes specific to 1168 miRNAs and TaqMan assays specific for 10 miRNAs was employed to evaluate and validate miRNA expression in a discovery cohort (n = 29) and validation cohort (n = 61) of primary OSCC tissue specimens, respectively. A computational pipeline with sequential integration of data from miRTarBase, CytoScape, UniProtKB and DIANA-miRPath was utilized to map the target genes of deregulated miRNAs and associated molecular pathways.
RESULTS: Microarray profiling identified 46 miRNAs that were differentially expressed in OSCC. Unsupervised clustering demonstrated a high degree of molecular heterogeneity across the tumour samples as the clusters did not represent any of their clinico-pathological characteristics. The differential expression of 10 miRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR (let-7a, let-7d, let-7f and miR-16 were downregulated while miR-29b, miR-142-3p, miR-144, miR-203, and miR-223 were upregulated in OSCC; the expression of miR-1275 was variable in tumours, with high levels associated to regional lymph node invasion; additionally, miR-223 exhibited an association with advanced tumour stage/size). In silico analyses of the experimentally confirmed target genes of miRNAs revamp the relationship of upregulated miRNAs with tumour suppressor genes and of downregulated miRNAs with oncogenes. Further, the differentially expressed miRNAs may play a role by simultaneously activating genes of PI3K/Akt signaling on one hand and by repressing genes of p53 signaling pathway on the other.
CONCLUSIONS: The identified differentially expressed miRNAs and signaling pathways deregulated in OSCC have implications for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to show the association of miR-1275 with nodal invasion and the upregulation of miR-144 in OSCC.

Cordero F, Ferrero G, Polidoro S, et al.
Differentially methylated microRNAs in prediagnostic samples of subjects who developed breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Nutrition and Cancer (EPIC-Italy) cohort.
Carcinogenesis. 2015; 36(10):1144-53 [PubMed] Related Publications
The crosstalk between microRNAs (miRNAs) and other epigenetic factors may lead to novel hypotheses about carcinogenesis identifying new targets for research. Because a single miRNA can regulate multiple downstream target genes, its altered expression may potentially be a sensitive biomarker to detect early malignant transformation and improve diagnosis and prognosis. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that altered methylation of miRNA encoding genes, associated with deregulated mature miRNA expression, may be related to dietary and lifestyle factors and may contribute to cancer development. In a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort (EPIC-Italy), we analysed DNA methylation levels of miRNA encoding genes (2191 CpG probes related to 517 genes) that are present in the Infinium Human Methylation450 BeadChip array in prediagnostic peripheral white blood cells of subjects who developed colorectal cancer (CRC, n = 159) or breast cancer (BC, n = 166) and matched subjects who remained clinically healthy. In the whole cohort, several differentially methylated miRNA genes were observed in association with age, sex, smoking habits and physical activity. Interestingly, in the case-control study, eight differentially methylated miRNAs were identified in subjects who went on to develop BC (miR-328, miR-675, miR-1307, miR-1286, miR-1275, miR-1910, miR-24-1 and miR-548a-1; all Bonferroni-adjusted P < 0.05). No significant associations were found with CRC. Assuming that altered methylation of miRNAs detectable in blood may be present before diagnosis, it may represent a biomarker for early detection or risk of cancer and may help to understand the cascade of events preceding tumour onset.

Fawzy IO, Hamza MT, Hosny KA, et al.
miR-1275: A single microRNA that targets the three IGF2-mRNA-binding proteins hindering tumor growth in hepatocellular carcinoma.
FEBS Lett. 2015; 589(17):2257-65 [PubMed] Related Publications
This study aimed to identify a single miRNA or miR (microRNA) which regulates the three insulin-like growth factor-2-mRNA-binding proteins (IGF2BP1, 2 and 3). Bioinformatics predicted miR-1275 to simultaneously target the three IGF2BPs, and screening revealed miR-1275 to be underexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. Transfection of HuH-7 cells with miR-1275 suppressed IGF2BPs expression and all three IGF2BPs were confirmed as targets of miR-1275. Ectopic expression of miR-1275 and knockdown of IGF2BPs inhibited malignant cell behaviors, and also reduced IGF1R protein and mRNA. Finally IGF1R was validated as a direct target of miR-1275. These findings indicate that the tumor-suppressor miR-1275 can control HCC tumor growth partially through simultaneously regulating the oncogenic IGF2BPs and IGF1R.

Agrawal R, Pandey P, Jha P, et al.
Hypoxic signature of microRNAs in glioblastoma: insights from small RNA deep sequencing.
BMC Genomics. 2014; 15:686 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia is a critical aspect of the glioma microenvironment and has been associated with poor prognosis and resistance to various therapies. However, the mechanisms responsible for hypoxic survival of glioma cells remain unclear. Recent studies strongly suggest that microRNAs act as critical mediators of the hypoxic response. We thus hypothesized their prominent role in hypoxia resistance in glioblastoma (GBM) and aimed to identify those.
RESULTS: With this study, we present the first detailed analysis of small RNA transcriptome of cell line U87MG, a grade IV glioma cell line, and its alteration under hypoxic condition. Based on deep sequencing and microarray data, we identify a set of hypoxia regulated microRNAs, with the miR-210-3p and its isomiRs showing highest induction in GBM cell lines U87MG and U251MG. We show miR-210-3p, miR-1275, miR-376c-3p, miR-23b-3p, miR-193a-3p and miR-145-5p to be up-regulated, while miR-92b-3p, miR-20a-5p, miR-10b-5p, miR-181a-2-3p and miR-185-5p are down-regulated by hypoxia. Interestingly, certain hypoxia-induced miRNAs are also known to be over-expressed in GBM tumors, suggesting that hypoxia may be one of the factors involved in establishing the miRNA signature of GBM. Transcription factor binding sites for Hypoxia inducible factor 1 A (HIF1A) were identified in the promoter region (5 kb upstream) of 30 hypoxia-induced miRNAs. HIF-1A over-expression and silencing studies show regulation of specific miRNAs, including miR-210-3p, to be HIF1A dependent. On the other hand, miR-210-3p leads to an increase in transcriptional activity of HIF and its target genes vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9). MiR-210-3p levels were found to be high in GBM patient samples and showed good correlation with the known hypoxia markers CA9 and VEGF. We show that miR-210-3p promotes hypoxic survival and chemoresistance in GBM cells and targets a negative regulator of hypoxic response, HIF3A. Additionally, a total of 139 novel miRNAs were discovered by the analysis of deep sequencing data and three of these were found to be differentially expressed under hypoxia.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study reveals a novel miRNA signature of hypoxia in GBM and suggests miR-210-3p to be an oncogenic player and a novel potential intrinsic marker of hypoxia in glioblastoma.

Peña-Chilet M, Martínez MT, Pérez-Fidalgo JA, et al.
MicroRNA profile in very young women with breast cancer.
BMC Cancer. 2014; 14:529 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is rarely diagnosed in very young women (35 years old or younger), and it often presents with distinct clinical-pathological features related to a more aggressive phenotype and worse prognosis when diagnosed at this early age. A pending question is whether breast cancer in very young women arises from the deregulation of different underlying mechanisms, something that will make this disease an entity differentiated from breast cancer diagnosed in older patients.
METHODS: We performed a comprehensive study of miRNA expression using miRNA Affymetrix2.0 array on paraffin-embedded tumour tissue of 42 breast cancer patients 35 years old or younger, 17 patients between 45 and 65 years old and 29 older than 65 years. Data were statistically analyzed by t-test and a hierarchical clustering via average linkage method was conducted. Results were validated by qRT-PCR. Putative targeted pathways were obtained using DIANA miRPath online software.
RESULTS: The results show a differential and unique miRNA expression profile of 121 miRNAs (p-value <0.05), 96 of those with a FDR-value <0.05. Hierarchical clustering grouped the samples according to their age, but not by subtype nor by tumour characteristics. We were able to validate by qRT-PCR differences in the expression of 6 miRNAs: miR-1228*, miR-3196, miR-1275, miR-92b, miR-139 and miR-1207. Moreover, all of the miRNAs maintained the expression trend. The validated miRNAs pointed out pathways related to cell motility, invasion and proliferation.
CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that breast cancer in very young women appears as a distinct molecular signature. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a validated microRNA profile, distinctive to breast cancer in very young women, has been presented. The miRNA signature may be relevant to open an important field of research in order to elucidate the underlying mechanism in this particular disease, which in a more clinical setting, could potentially help to identify therapeutic targets in this particular set of patients.

Wang W, Zhao LJ, Tan YX, et al.
Identification of deregulated miRNAs and their targets in hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.
World J Gastroenterol. 2012; 18(38):5442-53 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
AIM: To identify the differentially expressed miRNAs and their targets in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
METHODS: Six hundred and sixty seven human miRNAs were quantitatively analyzed by Taqman low-density miRNA array (TLDA) in HBV-HCC tissues. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were used to analyze the significant function and pathway of the differentially expressed miRNAs in HBV-HCC. TargetScan software was used to predict the targets of deregulated miRNAs. Western blotting and luciferase assay were performed to verify the targets of these miRNAs.
RESULTS: Ten up-regulated miRNAs (miR-217, miR-518b, miR-517c, miR-520g, miR-519a, miR-522, miR-518e, miR-525-3p, miR-512-3p, and miR-518a-3p) and 11 down-regulated miRNAs (miR-138, miR-214, miR-214#, miR-199a-5p, miR-433, miR-511, miR-592, miR-483-3p, miR-483-5p, miR-708 and miR-1275) were identified by Taqman miRNAs array and confirmed quantitatively by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in HCC and adjacent non-tumor tissues. GO and KEGG pathway analysis revealed that "regulation of actin cytoskeleton" and "pathway in cancer" are most likely to play critical roles in HCC tumorigenesis. MiR-519a and ribosomal protein S6 kinase polypeptide 3 (RPS6KA3) were predicted as the most significant candidates by miRNA-mRNA network. In addition, cyclin D3 (CCND3) and clathrin heavy chain (CHC), usually up-regulated in HCC tissues, were validated as the direct target of miR-138 and miR-199a-5p, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest an importance of miR-138 and miR-199a-5p as well as their targets CCND3 and CHC in HCC tumorigenesis, and may provide more evidence for reliability of integrative bioinformatics analysis.

Katsushima K, Shinjo K, Natsume A, et al.
Contribution of microRNA-1275 to Claudin11 protein suppression via a polycomb-mediated silencing mechanism in human glioma stem-like cells.
J Biol Chem. 2012; 287(33):27396-406 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Glioblastomas show heterogeneous histological features, and tumor cells show distinct phenotypic states that confer different functional attributes and an aggressive character. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the heterogeneity in this disease are poorly understood. Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) are considered able to aberrantly differentiate into diverse cell types and may contribute to the establishment of tumor heterogeneity. Using a GSC model, we investigated differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) and associated epigenetic mechanisms that regulate the differentiation of GSCs. miRNA profiling using microarray technology showed that 13 and 34 miRNAs were commonly up-regulated and down-regulated in two independent GSC lines during differentiation, respectively. Among this set of miRNAs, quantitative PCR analysis showed that miRNA-1275 (miR-1275) was consistently down-regulated during GSC differentiation, along with the up-regulation of its target, CLDN11, an important protein during oligodendroglial lineage differentiation. Inhibition of miR-1275 with a specific antisense oligonucleotide (anti-miR-1275) in GSCs increased the expression of CLDN11, together with significant growth suppression. Epigenetic analysis revealed that gain of histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) in the primary microRNA-1275 promoter was closely associated with miR-1275 expression. Treatment with 3-deazaneplanocin A, an inhibitor of H3K27 methyltransferase, attenuated CLDN11 induction by serum stimulation in parallel with sustained miR-1275 expression. Our results have illuminated the epigenetic regulatory pathways of miR-1275 that are closely associated with oligodendroglial differentiation, which may contribute to the tissue heterogeneity seen in the formation of glioblastomas. Given that inhibition of miR-1275 induces expression of oligodendroglial lineage proteins and suppresses tumor cell proliferation, this may be a potential therapeutic target for glioblastomas.

Özata DM, Caramuta S, Velázquez-Fernández D, et al.
The role of microRNA deregulation in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical carcinoma.
Endocr Relat Cancer. 2011; 18(6):643-55 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive tumor showing frequent metastatic spread and poor survival. Although recent genome-wide studies of ACC have contributed to our understanding of the disease, major challenges remain for both diagnostic and prognostic assessments. The aim of this study was to identify specific microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with malignancy and survival of ACC patients. miRNA expression profiles were determined in a series of ACC, adenoma, and normal cortices using microarray. A subset of miRNAs showed distinct expression patterns in the ACC compared with adrenal cortices and adenomas. Among others, miR-483-3p, miR-483-5p, miR-210, and miR-21 were found overexpressed, while miR-195, miR-497, and miR-1974 were underexpressed in ACC. Inhibition of miR-483-3p or miR-483-5p and overexpression of miR-195 or miR-497 reduced cell proliferation in human NCI-H295R ACC cells. In addition, downregulation of miR-483-3p, but not miR-483-5p, and increased expression of miR-195 or miR-497 led to significant induction of cell death. Protein expression of p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), a potential target of miR-483-3p, was significantly decreased in ACC, and inversely correlated with miR-483-3p expression. In addition, high expression of miR-503, miR-1202, and miR-1275 were found significantly associated with shorter overall survival among patients with ACC (P values: 0.006, 0.005, and 0.042 respectively). In summary, we identified additional miRNAs associated with ACC, elucidated the functional role of four miRNAs in the pathogenesis of ACC cells, demonstrated the potential involvement of the pro-apoptotic factor PUMA (a miR-483-3p target) in adrenocortical tumors, and found novel miRNAs associated with survival in ACC.

Kahlert C, Klupp F, Brand K, et al.
Invasion front-specific expression and prognostic significance of microRNA in colorectal liver metastases.
Cancer Sci. 2011; 102(10):1799-807 [PubMed] Related Publications
The tumor edge of colorectal cancer and its adjacent peritumoral tissue is characterized by an invasion front-specific expression of genes that contribute to angiogenesis or epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Dysregulation of these genes has a strong impact on the invasion behavior of tumor cells. However, the invasion front-specific expression of microRNA (miRNA) still remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate miRNA expression patterns at the invasion front of colorectal liver metastases. Laser microdissection of colorectal liver metastases was performed to obtain separate tissue compartments from the tumor center, tumor invasion front, liver invasion front and pure liver parenchyma. Microarray expression analysis revealed 23 miRNA downregulated in samples from the tumor invasion front with respect to the same miRNA in the liver, the liver invasion front or the tumor center. By comparing samples from the liver invasion front with samples from pure liver parenchyma, the tumor invasion front and the tumor center, 13 miRNA were downregulated. By quantitative RT-PCR, we validated the liver invasion front-specific downregulation of miR-19b, miR-194, let-7b and miR-1275 and the tumor invasion front-specific downregulation of miR-143, miR- 145, let-7b and miR-638. Univariate analysis demonstrated that enhanced expression of miR-19b and miR-194 at the liver invasion front, and decreased expression of let-7 at the tumor invasion front, is an adverse prognostic marker of tumor recurrence and overall survival. In conclusion, the present study suggests that invasion front-specific downregulation of miRNA in colorectal liver metastases plays a pivotal role in tumor progression.

Belian E, Kurucz R, Treue D, Lage H
Effect of YB-1 on the regulation of micro RNA expression in drug-sensitive and drug-resistant gastric carcinoma cells.
Anticancer Res. 2010; 30(2):629-33 [PubMed] Related Publications
The multifunctional Y-Box protein 1 (YB-1) exerts positive and negative regulatory effects on gene expression by different mechanisms. Since transcription can be controlled by micro RNAs (miRNAs), YB-1 could also cause effects on gene expression by regulation of cellular miRNAs. To test this hypothesis, a previously established and well-characterized cell model derived from drug-sensitive (EPG85-257P/tetR/YB-1) and multidrug-resistant (EPG85-257RDB/tetR/YB-1) gastric carcinoma cells, in which the expression of YB-1 can be inhibited by tetracycline-dependent triggering of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway, was investigated concerning their miRNA expression profiles in the presence and absence of YB-1. Microarray hybridizations demonstrated that six miRNAs (miR-96*, miR-210, miR-503, miR-623, miR-1275, miR-1290) were up-regulated more than 1.5-fold in drug-sensitive cells following YB-1 inhibition, but no differences in miRNA expression could be detected in multidrug-resistant cells. Independent validation of these findings by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction did not confirm these effects. Likewise, an in silico analysis of potential regulatory effects of the miRNAs on their target genes did not support the potential miRNA regulatory effects of YB-1. In conclusion, the data provide evidence that YB-1 has no direct influence on global miRNA expression pattern in different variants of gastric carcinoma cells and, therewith, does not control gene expression by regulation of miRNAs.

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Cite this page: Cotterill SJ. MicroRNA miR-1275, Cancer Genetics Web: http://www.cancer-genetics.org/MIR1275.htm Accessed:

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