Research IndicatorsGraph generated 13 March 2017 using data from PubMed using criteria.
Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic. Tag cloud generated 13 March, 2017 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex
Specific Cancers (3)
Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.
Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).
OMIM, Johns Hopkin University
Referenced article focusing on the relationship between phenotype and genotype.
International Cancer Genome Consortium.
Summary of gene and mutations by cancer type from ICGC
Cancer Genome Anatomy Project, NCI
COSMIC, Sanger Institute
Somatic mutation information and related details
GEO Profiles, NCBI
Search the gene expression profiles from curated DataSets in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) repository.
Latest Publications: TCEAL7 (cancer-related)
BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that is involved in the regulation of cell growth. Recently, many somatic and germline mutations of BAP1 have been reported in a broad spectrum of tumors. In this study, we identified a novel somatic non-synonymous BAP1 mutation, a phenylalanine-to-isoleucine substitution at codon 170 (F170I), in 1 of 49 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) of BAP1 gene in this ESCC tumor disclosed monoallelic deletion (LOH), suggesting BAP1 alterations on both alleles in this tumor. The deubiquitinase activity and the auto-deubiquitinase activity of F170I-mutant BAP1 were markedly suppressed compared with wild-type BAP1. In addition, wild-type BAP1 mostly localizes to the nucleus, whereas the F170I mutant preferentially localized in the cytoplasm. Microarray analysis revealed that expression of the F170I mutant drastically altered gene expression profiles compared with expressed wild-type BAP1. Gene-ontology analyses indicated that the F170I mutation altered the expression of genes involved in oncogenic pathways. We found that one candidate, TCEAL7, previously reported as a putative tumor suppressor gene, was significantly induced by wild-type BAP1 as compared to F170I mutant BAP1. Furthermore, we found that the level of BAP1 expression in the nucleus was reduced in 44% of ESCC examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Because the nuclear localization of BAP1 is important for its tumor suppressor function, BAP1 may be functionally inactivated in a substantial portion of ESCC. Taken together, BAP1 is likely to function as a tumor suppressor in at least a part of ESCC.
Guo Y, Liao Y, Jia C, et al.MicroRNA-182 promotes tumor cell growth by targeting transcription elongation factor A-like 7 in endometrial carcinoma.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013; 32(3):581-90 [PubMed
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BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common gynecological malignancy among women worldwide. Despite its prevalence, the molecular mechanisms underlying endometrial carcinogenesis are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of microRNA-182 and its target gene transcription elongation factor A-like 7 (TCEAL7) in EC.
METHODS: The expression of miR-182 in human normal endometrial epithelial cells (NEEC) and in three human endometrial carcinoma cell lines (HEC-1B, RL95-2 and AN3CA) was measured by qRT-PCR, and the mRNA and protein expression of TCEAL7 were assessed in the same three endometrial carcinoma cell lines and NEEC by qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Subsequently, the target of miR-182 was predicted by bioinformatics and confirmed using a luciferase assay. Cell proliferation and colony formation of RL95-2 cells were examined by MTT assay and crystal violet staining, respectively. The expression of NFκB-p65, c-Myc and cyclin D1 proteins was determined by Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: MiR-182 was significantly upregulated and TCEAL7 was downregulated in EC cell lines compared to NEEC. We showed that MiR-182 binds directly to a conserved 8 bp sequence in the 3'-UTR of TCEAL7, and inhibition of miR-182 upregulated TCEAL7 mRNA and protein expression to levels comparable to those induced by lentiviral-mediated overexpression of TCEAL7. MiR-182 inhibition decreased cell proliferation and colony formation ability, downregulated the expression of the pro-proliferative genes c-Myc and cyclin D1, and inhibited NFκB activation, and these effects were mimicked by TCEAL7 overexpression.
CONCLUSIONS: miR-182 acts as an oncogenic miRNA in EC, promoting cell proliferation by targeting the tumor suppressor gene TCEAL7 and modulating the activity of its downstream effectors c-Myc, cyclin D1 and NFκB.
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the expression levels and prognosis value of TCEAL7 in primary gastric cancer.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated TCEAL7 and other homologous five members of the TCEAL family expression in normal gastricepithelial cell line and gastric cancer cell lines using real-time quantitative PCR. Furthermore, we examined the expression of TCEAL7 in 39 paired cancerous and matched adjacent noncancerous gastric mucosa tissues by real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting. Moreover, we analyzed TCEAL7 expression in 406 gastric cancer patients using immunohistochemistry. The relationships between the TCEAL7 expression levels, the clinicopathological factors, and patient survival were investigated. RT- qPCR data showed that mRNA expression level of TCEAL7 was significantly lower in the gastric cancer cell lines comparing with the levels of other five members of the TCEAL family. Results also revealed decreased TCEAL7 mRNA (P = 0.025) and protein (P = 0.012) expression in tumor tissue samples compared with matched adjacent non-tumor tissue samples. Immunohistochemical staining data showed that TCEAL7 expression was significantly decreased in 43.3% of gastric adenocarcinoma cases. The result also showed that the low TCEAL7 expression was significantly correlated with female, larger tumor size, higher histological grade and worse nodal status. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that the reduced expression of TCEAL7 was associated with a poor prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma patients (P<0.001). Based on a univariate analysis that included all 406 patients, TCEAL7 expression was found to have statistically significant associations with overall survival (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis also demonstrated that TCEAL7 expression (P = 0.009), age, tumor size, histological grade, lymphovascular invasion, T stage, N stage and M stage were independent risk factors in the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that TCEAL7 might serve as a candidate tumor suppressor and a potential prognostic biomarker in gastric carcinogenesis.
Rattan R, Narita K, Chien J, et al.TCEAL7, a putative tumor suppressor gene, negatively regulates NF-kappaB pathway.
Oncogene. 2010; 29(9):1362-73 [PubMed
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We have previously shown that a frequently downregulated gene, transcription elongation factor A-like 7 (TCEAL7), promoted anchorage-independent growth and modulated Myc activity in ovarian surface epithelial cells immortalized with temperature-sensitive large T antigen and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (OSEtsT/hTERT). Analysis of protein/DNA array showed that TCEAL7 downregulation resulted in an approximately twofold increase in nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB binding to its target DNA sequence. In this study we showed that short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated downregulation of TCEAL7 in two different immortalized OSE cells showed higher NF-kappaB activity, as determined using reporter and gel-shift assays. Transient transfection of TCEAL7 inhibited the activation of NF-kappaB in TCEAL7-downregulated clones, IOSE-523 and in other ovarian cancer cell lines (OVCAR8, SKOV3ip and DOV13), suggesting that TCEAL7 negatively regulates NF-kappaB pathway. Consistent with this observation, TCEAL7-downregulated clones showed higher levels of NF-kappaB targets, such as pro-proliferative (cyclin-D1 and cMyc), pro-angiogenic (interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)), inflammatory (intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2)) and anti-apoptotic (B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl)) genes when compared with vector controls. Inhibition of NF-kappaB by IkappaB kinase (IKK) inhibitor (BMS 345541) attenuated cell survival and proliferation of TCEAL-knockdown clones. Although TCEAL7 inhibited p65 transcriptional activity, it did not modulate the cytoplasmic signaling of the NF-kappaB pathway, by itself or by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays revealed increased recruitment of p65 and p300 to the promoters of IL-8 and IL-6 in TCEAL7-downregulated clones. Collectively, these results indicate a novel role for TCEAL7 in the negative regulation of NF-kappaB signaling at the basal level by modulating transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB on its target gene promoters, potentially providing a novel mechanism by which NF-kappaB activity may be deregulated in ovarian cancer cells.
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that TCEAL7 (transcription elongation factor A (SII)-like 7) is epigenetically down-regulated in the majority of epithelial ovarian cancers. We now examine the hypothesis that inherited alterations in TCEAL7 play a role in the etiology of ovarian cancer.
METHODS: A two-site case-control study of 930 cases of ovarian cancer and 1037 controls, frequency-matched on residence, age and race, was conducted. Six informative SNPs (tagSNPs and putative-functional SNPs) were genotyped. Logistic regression was used to adjust for potential confounders and determine if inherited variation at this locus was associated with risk of ovarian cancer in general and among cases with invasive disease and serous histology. Gene-level principal component and haplotype analyses were also conducted.
RESULTS: None of the SNPs or haplotypes studied were significantly associated with ovarian cancer risk overall. However, among the 440 invasive serous cases, the minor alleles for three correlated SNPs were significantly associated with reduced risk (p-values<0.05), summarized gene-level variation was weakly associated with reduced risk (p-value=0.05), and the predominant haplotype was less common among cases than controls (0.36 v 0.40, p-value=0.05), consistent with single-SNP results.
CONCLUSION: TCEAL7 polymorphisms may play a role in the development of invasive serous ovarian cancers. Follow-up molecular and replication studies are warranted.
The pathophysiological mechanisms that drive the development and progression of epithelial ovarian cancer remain obscure. Recently, we identified TCEAL7 as a transcriptional regulatory protein often downregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the biological significance of such downregulation in cancer is not currently known. Here, we show that TCEAL7 is downregulated frequently in many human cancers and that in immortalized human ovarian epithelial cells this event promotes anchorage-independent cell growth. Mechanistic investigations revealed that TCEAL7 associates with cyclin D1 promoter containing Myc E-box sequence and transcriptionally represses cyclin D1 expression. Moreover, downregulation of TCEAL7 promotes DNA-binding activity of Myc-Max, and upregulates the promoter activity of c-Myc-target gene, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), whereas enhanced expression of TCEAL7 inhibits Myc-induced promoter activity of ODC. Our findings suggest that TCEAL7 may restrict ovarian epithelial cell transformation by limiting Myc activity. These results also suggest a potential, alternative mechanism by which c-Myc activity may be deregulated in cancer by the downregulation of TCEAL7.
Chien J, Staub J, Avula R, et al.Epigenetic silencing of TCEAL7 (Bex4) in ovarian cancer.
Oncogene. 2005; 24(32):5089-100 [PubMed
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Epigenetic silencing by hypermethylation of CpGs represents a mechanism of inactivation of tumor suppressors. Here we report on the cloning of a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene TCEAL7 inactivated by methylation in ovarian cancer. TCEAL codes for a 1.35 kb transcript that was previously reported to be downregulated in ovarian cancer by cDNA microarray and suppression subtraction cDNA (SSH) analyses. This report focuses on the elucidation of mechanisms associated with TCEAL7 downregulation. Expression of TCEAL7 is downregulated in a majority of ovarian tumors and cancer cell lines but induced by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment in a dose-dependant manner, implicating methylation as a mechanism of TCEAL7 inactivation. Sequence analyses of bisufite-modified genomic DNA from somatic cell hybrids with either the active or the inactive human X chromosome reveal that TCEAL7 is subjected to X chromosome inactivation. Loss of TCEAL7 expression in primary tumors and cell lines correlates with methylation of a CpG site within the promoter. In vitro methylation of the CpG site suppresses promoter activity whereas selective demethylation of the SmaI site attenuates the suppression. Finally, re-expression of TCEAL7 in cancer cell lines induces cell death and reduces colony formation efficiency. These data implicate TCEAL7 as a cell death regulatory protein that is frequently inactivated in ovarian cancers, and suggest that it may function as a tumor suppressor.