Locus Summary

Gene:MIR128-1; microRNA 128-1
Aliases: MIR128A, MIRN128A, MIRN128-1, mir-128-1
Summary:microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Databases:miRBase, OMIM, HGNC, GeneCard, Gene
Source:NCBIAccessed: 06 August, 2015

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1990-2015)
Graph generated 06 August 2015 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

Tag cloud generated 06 August, 2015 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

MicroRNA Function

Numbers shown below represent number of publications held in OncomiRDB database for Oncogenic and Tumor-Suppressive MicroRNAs.

TissueTarget Gene(s)Regulator(s)MIR128-1 Function in CancerEffect
brain (1)
-medulloblastoma (1)
BMI1 (1)
inhibit cell growth (1)
change intracellular redox state (1)
promote senescence (1)
tumor-suppressive (1)
breast (1)
-breast cancer (1)
TGFBR1 (1)
induce letrozole-resistance (1)

Source: OncomiRDB Wang D. et al. Bioinformatics 2014, 30(15):2237-2238.

Latest Publications: MIR128-1 (cancer-related)

Eguía-Aguilar P, Pérezpeña-Díazconti M, Benadón-Darszon E, et al.
Reductions in the expression of miR-124-3p, miR-128-1, and miR-221-3p in pediatric astrocytomas are related to high-grade supratentorial, and recurrent tumors in Mexican children.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2014; 30(7):1173-81 [PubMed] Related Publications
PURPOSE: Astrocytomas are the most frequent type of tumor of the central nervous system in children. Hence, it is important to describe markers that may improve our understanding of their behavior. Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) may be such biological markers. They are small molecules of RNA that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Due to their importance in cancer, the objective of the present study was to determine the profile of expression of precursor and mature forms of miR-124-3p, miR-128-1, and miR-221-3p using RT-qPCR in pediatric samples.
METHODS: A total of 57 astrocytomas embedded in paraffin were selected. As controls, the study included 13 samples of normal brain tissue.
RESULTS: Three of eight miRNAs were selected after a preliminary screening. All the miRNAs showed higher levels of expression in normal brain tissue. The expression of miR-124-3p and miR-128-1 decreased in astrocytomas than in normal brain tissue in all grades (p < 0.05 in both cases), and this reduction was most evident in GIV (407- and 1,469-fold, respectively); however, the expression of the precursor forms pre-miR-128-1 and pre-miR-221 was higher in GIV (3.5-fold) than in GI. The levels of miR-128-1 were higher in infratentorial tumors than in supratentorial cases (p = 0.006). Finally, the expression of miR-221-3p was higher in non-recurrent tumors and live patients (p = 0.0185 and p = 0.0004, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The low expression of these miRNAs may constitute a potential marker of astrocytomas that correlates with localization, possibly due to alterations in the maturation processes of these miRNAs that produced low mature forms in patients with recurrent pediatric astrocytomas.

Disclaimer: This site is for educational purposes only; it can not be used in diagnosis or treatment.

Cite this page: Cotterill SJ. MicroRNA miR-128a, Cancer Genetics Web: http://www.cancer-genetics.org/MIR128-1.htm Accessed:

Creative Commons License
This page in Cancer Genetics Web by Simon Cotterill is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Note: content of abstracts copyright of respective publishers - seek permission where appropriate.

 [Home]    Page last revised: 06 August, 2015     Cancer Genetics Web, Established 1999