Fallopian Tube Cancer
Primary fallopian tube cancer (tubal cancer) is rare and accounts for just 1 to 2 percent of all gynecologic cancers. It is more common for cancer to spread (metastasize) from other parts of the body than for cancer to originate in the fallopian tubes.
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MeSH term: Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
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Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma arising from the intrauterine portion of the fallopian tube after bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2016; 37(3):404-6 [PubMed] Related Publications
Utility of peritoneal washing cytology in staging and prognosis of ovarian and fallopian tube neoplasms: a 10-year retrospective analysis.
Ann Diagn Pathol. 2016; 22:54-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
Impact of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system use on the cancer risk of the ovary and fallopian tube.
Acta Oncol. 2016; 55(11):1281-1284 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified from the national Medical Reimbursement Registry of Finland the women aged 30-49 years who had used LNG-IUS for menorrhagia in 1994-2007, and from the Finnish Cancer Registry ovarian cancers and primary fallopian tube carcinomas diagnosed before the age of 55 and by the end of 2013.
RESULTS: A total of 77 invasive ovarian cancers and seven primary fallopian tube carcinoma cases were diagnosed in a cohort of 93 843 LNG-IUS users during the follow-up of 1 083 126 women-years. The LNG-IUS users had decreased risk for both invasive ovarian cancer [standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.47-0.73] and for borderline ovarian tumors (SIR 0.76, 95% CI 0.57-0.99) as compared to the background population. The risk of primary fallopian tube carcinoma was not increased (SIR 1.22, 95% CI 0.49-2.50). Decreased risks for mucinous (SIR 0.49, 95% CI 0.24-0.87), endometrioid (SIR 0.55, 95% CI 0.28-0.98), and serous ovarian carcinomas (SIR 0.75, 95% CI 0.55-0.99) were seen in LNG-IUS users.
CONCLUSIONS: LNG-IUS use associated with decreased risk for both invasive and borderline ovarian tumors. The incidence of primary fallopian tube carcinoma did not significantly differ between LNG-IUS users and the background population.
Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology guidelines 2015 for the treatment of ovarian cancer including primary peritoneal cancer and fallopian tube cancer.
Int J Clin Oncol. 2016; 21(3):435-46 [PubMed] Related Publications
Intravenous versus oral dexamethasone for prophylaxis of paclitaxel-associated hypersensitivity reaction in patients with primary ovarian, fallopian tube and peritoneal cancer: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2016; 12(3):289-99 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, patients with POC/PFTC/PPC receiving a first cycle of TC were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to either the IV-D or PO-D groups. Those were followed at 28 days. Primary outcomes were incidence of overall and severe P-HSRs. Secondary outcomes included incidence of dexamethasone-related side effects, other chemotherapy-related adverse events (AEs), and quality-of-life (QoL).
RESULTS: A total of 288 patients were enrolled from February to July 2015, of whom 281 were eligible for analysis, including 140 allocated to IV-D and 141 to PO-D. There was no significant difference in P-HSR rate between the IV-D and PO-D groups (17.9% vs. 19.1%, P = 0.780). Severe P-HSR occurred in one women in the IV-D group (0.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.498). There were no significant differences in other chemotherapy-related AEs and QoL scores. However, women in the PO-D had more side effects from short-term corticosteroid use than those in the IV-D group, especially acne (10.6% vs. 2.1%, P = 0.004).
CONCLUSIONS: IV-D and PO-D have similar efficacies for preventing P-HSR. However, short-term IV-D may be associated with fewer side effects than PO-D. IV-D is thus suggested for P-HSR prophylaxis in patients with POC/PFTC/PPC receiving a first cycle of TC.
Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the ovary or fallopian tube: a clinicopathological study of 9 cases.
Hum Pathol. 2016; 51:96-102 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma, chronic fallopian tube injury, and serous carcinoma development.
Virchows Arch. 2016; 468(6):707-13 [PubMed] Related Publications
Restaging and Survival Analysis of 4036 Ovarian Cancer Patients According to the 2013 FIGO Classification for Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer.
Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016; 26(4):680-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic, surgical, histological, and survival data from 4036 ovarian cancer patients were used in the analysis. Five-year survival rates (5YSR) and hazard ratios for the old and revised FIGO staging were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression.
RESULTS: A total of 1532 patients were assigned to new stages. Stages IA and IC1 had similar survival (5YSR, 87%); and stages IB, IC2, and IC3 had similar survival (5YSR, 75%-80%). Stage IIC was omitted, resulting in similar survival in stages IIA and IIB (5YSR, 61% and 65%). Of 1660 patients in stage IIIC, 79 were restaged: In 16 cases, IIIC was down-staged to IIIA1, as they had only been stage IIIC owing to lymph node metastases; and in 63 cases, IIIC was down-staged to IIIB, as they had lymph node metastases and abdominal tumor of less than 2 cm. The 5YSR in stage IIIC was unchanged (22%). Stage IV (5YSR, 14% ) was restaged as IVA (13%) and IVB (13%). Both were different from IIIC; P < 0.0001.
CONCLUSION: With introduction of new substages, staging becomes more demanding. Second, as fewer patients are allocated to each substage, statistical power is diminished, resulting in uncertainty in the results. Despite this, and most importantly, the revised coding adequately reflects survival, as there was a clear graphical and statistical tendency for poorer survival with increasing stage.
The new WHO classification of ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer and its clinical implications.
Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2016; 293(4):695-700 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The new WHO Classification of Ovarian Cancer published 2014 by Robert Kurman and co-authors is summarized. The major changes compared to the hitherto existing classification are presented.
RESULTS: The new classification eliminates the previous focus of mesothelial origin of ovarian cancer. Instead, it features a discussion of tubal carcinogenesis of hereditary and some other high-grade serous carcinomas. The previously assumed pathogenesis pathway may be correct for some, but not for all, serous cancers. The new classification was established to classify ovarian cancer in a more consistent way. The earlier transitional cell type of ovarian cancer has been removed while seromucinous tumors have been added as a new entity. The role of some borderline tumors as one possible step in the progression from benign to invasive lesions is incorporated. The article summarizes the essential updates concerning serous, mucinous, seromucinous, endometrioid, clear-cell, and Brenner tumors.
CONCLUSION: The new WHO classification takes into account the recent findings on the origin, pathogenesis, and prognosis of different ovarian cancer subtypes. The tubal origin of hereditary and some non-hereditary high-grade serous cancers is mentioned in contrast to the hitherto theory of mesothelial origin of tumors. Seromucinous tumors represent a new entity.
Primary Fallopian Tube Carcinoma: A Single-Institution Experience of 101 Cases: A Retrospective Study.
Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016; 26(3):424-30 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the patients treated with primary surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from February 2003 to December 2010. Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate and multivariate survival analysis.
RESULTS: Included in this study were 101 patients with a median follow-up of 64 months and a mean age of 57 years. Latzko triad symptom of abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or discharge, and palpable pelvic mass was reported in 14 patients, and elevated CA 125 (≥ 35 U/mL) was found in 63. Four patients were classified as grade 1, 31 were grade 2, and 66 were grade 3. The distribution of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage was 33 at stage I, 28 at stage II, 39 at stage III, and 1 at stage IV. Ninety patients underwent optimal tumor debulking in which residual tumor was no larger than 1 cm, and 67 patients received no fewer than 6 cycles of postoperative chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin (TP)-based regimen. Recurrence occurred in 44 patients after a median of 20 months (range, 1-72 months). The 5-year overall survival rate was 67.7%, and the 5-year disease-free survival was 57.4%. Multivariate analysis revealed that International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (I-II) [hazard ratio (HR), 2.670; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.316-5.418; P = 0.007 vs HR, 2.716; 95% CI, 1.416-5.211; P = 0.003], pelvic lymphadenectomy (HR, 0.274; 95% CI, 0.136-0.555; P < 0.001 vs HR, 0.449; 95% CI, 0.227-0.888; P = 0.021), and cycles (≥ 6) of chemotherapy (HR, 0.480; 95% CI, 0.246-0.937; P = 0.031 vs HR, 0.521; 95% CI, 0.276-0.985; P = 0.045) might serve as independent predictors of both overall survival and disease-free survival.
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative diagnosis of fallopian tube carcinoma is difficult due to the silent course of this neoplasm. Comprehensive surgical staging including pelvic lymphadenectomy followed by adequate cycles of chemotherapy is an important strategy to improve patients' prognosis.
Outcomes of Incidental Fallopian Tube High-Grade Serous Carcinoma and Serous Tubal Intraepithelial Carcinoma in Women at Low Risk of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer.
Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016; 26(3):431-6 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of incidental STIC and HGSC were identified from 2008. Patients with known BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, or a family history of ovarian or breast cancer before the diagnosis of STIC or HGSC were excluded. A retrospective chart review was conducted to obtain clinical data.
RESULTS: Eighteen cases were identified with a median follow-up of 25 months (range, 4-88 months). Twelve of 18 patients had a diagnosis of STIC with no associated invasive HGSC and 6 had STIC associated with other invasive malignancies. Completion staging surgery was performed on 7 of the 18 patients, including 5 of 12 in which there was STIC only identified on primary surgery; 3 cases were upstaged from STIC only to HGSC based on the staging surgery. Recurrence of HGSC occurred in 2 of the 18 patients. BRCA testing was performed on 3 patients, 1 of whom tested positive for a pathogenic BRCA1 mutation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that completion staging surgery for incidental STICs in non-BRCA patients may be considered. These patients should be offered hereditary testing. The Pelvic-Ovarian cancer INTerception (POINT) Project is an international registry set up to add to our understanding of STICs.
Mature cystic teratoma of both the fallopian tube and contralateral ovary: a case report.
Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2015; 42(6):812-3 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 19-year-old woman presented with a history of pelvic pain and severe dysmenorrhea. Ultrasound examination initially suggested bilateral ovarian dermoids. Upon laparoscopy, the distal left fallopian tube was obstructed and contained an inflammatory mass adhered to the rectosigmoid. The left ovary was entirely normal. A contralateral intraovarian dermoid was also identified.
CONCLUSION: Although rare, when an intratubal mass is identified, consideration of intratubal dermoid should be given. Preoperative ultrasound can be of critical importance to the intraoperative diagnosis.
A Phase 2, Single Arm Study of Iniparib in Patients With BRCA1 or BRCA2 Associated Advanced Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer.
Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016; 26(2):255-60 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible patients had advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, measurable disease, and at least 1 previous treatment regimen of platinum/taxane chemotherapy. Patients received iniparib 8 mg/kg intravenously on days 1 and 4 weekly, with imaging every 8 weeks. Treatment continued until disease progression or adverse events (AEs) prohibited further therapy. Common Terminology Criteria for AEs v3.0 was used to grade AEs. The primary endpoint was tumor response. The study was conducted with a Simon 2-stage design with 12 and 23 patients planned in the first and second stage, respectively. The study was designed to distinguish between 10% and 30% responding with types 1 and 2 error of 0.10.
RESULTS: Twelve patients were treated on study, with median exposure to iniparib of 7.5 weeks. The median number of previous chemotherapeutic regimens was 7. Treatment-related AEs (≥10%) included asthenia (83.3%), constipation (25%), diarrhea (25%), nausea (25%), abdominal pain (16.7%), and decreased hemoglobin (16.7%). All treatment-related AEs were grades 1 or 2 with the following 2 exceptions: 1 grade 3 diarrhea and 1 grade 3 hypertension. One patient had stable disease lasting 2 cycles; the remaining 11 patients had progressive disease. The study did not proceed to second stage enrollment.
CONCLUSIONS: Iniparib did not show significant activity in this heavily pretreated ovarian cancer population, all of whom had BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations.
Rare primary fallopian tube carcinoma; a gynaecologist's dilemma.
J Pak Med Assoc. 2016; 66(1):107-10 [PubMed] Related Publications
Revised FIGO staging system for cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum: important implications for radiologists.
Jpn J Radiol. 2016; 34(2):117-24 [PubMed] Related Publications
Examination of the Fractalkine and Fractalkine Receptor Expression in Fallopian Adenocarcinoma Reveals Differences When Compared to Ovarian Carcinoma.
Biomolecules. 2015; 5(4):3438-47 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
A phase I trial of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), carboplatin, bevacizumab and veliparib in recurrent, platinum-sensitive ovarian, primary peritoneal, and fallopian tube cancer: An NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
Gynecol Oncol. 2016; 140(2):204-9 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS: Patients received PLD (30mg/m(2), IV) and carboplatin (AUC 5, IV) on day 1 with veliparib on days 1-7 (intermittent) or days 1-28 (continuous). Standard 3+3 design was used in the dose escalation phase with DLTs based on the first cycle. Once the MTDs were determined, cohorts of 6 patients were enrolled to each regimen with bevacizumab (10mg/kg on days 1 and 15) to assess feasibility. DLTs were based on the first 4cycles of treatment in the bevacizumab cohorts.
RESULTS: In the dose-escalation phase, 27 patients were treated at 3 dose levels with DLTs noted in 6 patients including grade 4 thrombocytopenia (n=4), and prolonged neutropenia >7days (n=3). At the MTD of veliparib (80mg p.o. b.i.d. for both dosing arms), myelosuppression was the DLT. At MTD, 12 additional patients were treated with bevacizumab with 9 patients experiencing DLTs including grade 4 thrombocytopenia (n=4), prolonged neutropenia >7days (n=1), grade 3 hypertension (n=5), and grade 5 sepsis (n=1).
CONCLUSIONS: The MTD of veliparib combined with CD is 80mg p.o. b.i.d. in women with recurrent, platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer. With bevacizumab, DLTs were noted in 9 out of 12 patients. Lower doses of veliparib will need to be considered when given in combination with platinum-based therapies.
Carcinosarcoma of the fallopian tube with disappearance of carcinoma cells by neoadjuvant chemotherapy: case study.
Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2015; 36(5):618-22 [PubMed] Related Publications
Cognitive function during and six months following chemotherapy for front-line treatment of ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer: An NRG oncology/gynecologic oncology group study.
Gynecol Oncol. 2015; 139(3):541-5 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS: Eligible patients had newly diagnosed, untreated ovarian cancer and had planned to receive chemotherapy. Web-based and patient reported cognitive assessments and quality of life questionnaires were conducted prior to chemotherapy, prior to cycle four, after cycle six, and six months after completion of primary therapy.
RESULTS: Two-hundred-thirty-one evaluable patients entered this study between May 2010 and October 2011. At the cycle 4 time point, 25.2% (55/218) of patients exhibited cognitive impairment in at least one domain. At the post-cycle 6 and 6-month follow up time points, 21.1% (44/208) and 17.8% (30/169) of patients, respectively, demonstrated impairment in at least one domain of cognitive function. There were statistically significant, but clinically small, improvements in processing speed (p<0.001) and attention (p<0.001) but not in motor response time (p=0.066), from baseline through the six-month follow up time period.
CONCLUSIONS: This was a large, prospective study designed to measure cognitive function in ovarian cancer. A subset of patients had evidence of cognitive decline from baseline during chemotherapy treatment in this study as measured by the web-based assessment; however, changes were generally limited to no more than one domain.
BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Japanese patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer.
Cancer. 2016; 122(1):84-90 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Ninety-five unselected women with ovarian cancer who were seen from 2013 to 2015 at Yamanashi Prefectural Central Hospital were enrolled. Analyses of BRCA1/2 gene mutations were performed with next-generation sequencing.
RESULTS: Twelve of the 95 patients (12.6%), including 5 in the BRCA1 (5.3%) and 7 in the BRCA2 (7.4%), had deleterious mutations. Among the 36 cases with a family history, 6 (16.7%) were found to carry mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2. Notably, 6 of the 59 cases (10.2%) without a family history also had BRCA1/2 germline mutations. There was no statistical difference between the 2 groups (P = .36). The presence of mutations and their clinical relevance were studied. Mutation carriers were diagnosed at advanced stages (100% of positive cases among stage III or IV cases) and had poor prognostic histological subtypes (100% of positive cases had high-grade serous adenocarcinomas).
CONCLUSIONS: In this unselected Japanese population, approximately 13% of the cases with ovarian cancer appeared to be associated with an inherited risk, regardless of a family history. This finding indicates that BRCA1/2 genetic testing should be performed for all patients with ovarian cancers.
In vitro and in vivo correlates of physiological and neoplastic human Fallopian tube stem cells.
J Pathol. 2016; 238(4):519-30 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
Management of Fallopian Tube Cancer.
Rev Recent Clin Trials. 2015; 10(4):276-81 [PubMed] Related Publications
Fallopian Tube Cancer with Palmar Fibromatosis or Fasciitis without Polyarthritis.
Intern Med. 2015; 54(18):2409-14 [PubMed] Related Publications
Risk factors for readmission in patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal carcinoma who are receiving front-line chemotherapy on a clinical trial (GOG 218): an NRG oncology/gynecologic oncology group study (ADS-1236).
Gynecol Oncol. 2015; 139(2):221-7 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS: The study population was enrolled to GOG 0218. Factors predictive of admission within 30days of a previous admission or 40days of cytoreductive surgery were investigated. Categorical variables were compared by Pearson chi-square test, continuous variables by Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. A logistic regression model was used to evaluate independent prognostic factors and to estimate covariate-adjusted odds. All tests were two-tailed, α=0.05.
RESULTS: Of 1873 patients, 197 (10.5%) were readmitted, with 59 experiencing >1 readmission. One-hundred-forty-four (73%) readmissions were post-operative (readmission rate 7.7%). Significant risk factors include: disease stage (stage 3 vs 4, p=0.008), suboptimal cytoreduction (36% vs 64%, p=0.001), ascites, (p=0.018), BMI (25.4 vs 27.6, p<0.001), poor PS (p<0.001), and higher baseline CA 125 (p=0.017). Patients readmitted within 40days of surgery had a significantly shorter interval from surgery to chemotherapy initiation (22 versus 32days, p<0.0001). Patients treated with bevacizumab had higher readmission rates in the case of patients with >1 readmission. On multivariate analysis, the odds of re-hospitalization increased with doubling of BMI (OR=1.81, 95% CI: 1.07-3.07) and PS of 2 (OR=2.05, 95% CI 1.21-3.48).
CONCLUSION: Significant risk factors for readmission in ovarian cancer patients undergoing primary surgery and chemotherapy include stage, residual disease, ascites, high BMI and poor PS. Readmissions are most likely after the initial surgical procedure, a discrete period to target with a prospective intervention.
Imaging findings of fallopian tube leiomyoma with myxoid degeneration: a case report.
Clin Imaging. 2015 Nov-Dec; 39(6):1119-22 [PubMed] Related Publications
Ascites predicts treatment benefit of bevacizumab in front-line therapy of advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube and peritoneal cancers: an NRG Oncology/GOG study.
Gynecol Oncol. 2015; 139(1):17-22 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS: Using data from GOG 0218, patients receiving cytotoxic therapy plus concurrent and maintenance bevacizumab were compared to those receiving cytotoxic therapy plus placebo. The presence of ascites was determined prospectively. Chi-square and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests compared baseline variables between subgroups. Survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate independent prognostic factors and estimate their covariate-adjusted effects on survival.
RESULTS: Treatment arms were balanced with respect to ascites and other prognostic factors. Overall, 886 (80%) women had ascites, 221 (20%) did not. Those with ascites were more likely to have: poorer performance status (p<0.001); serous histology (p=0.012); higher baseline CA125 (p<0.001); and suboptimal cytoreduction (p=0.004). In multivariate survival analysis, ascites was prognostic of poor OS (Adjusted HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.00-1.48, p=0.045), but not PFS. In predictive analysis, patients without ascites treated with bevacizumab had no significant improvement in either PFS (AHR 0.81, 95% CI 0.59-1.10, p=0.18) or OS (AHR 0.94, 95% CI 0.65-1.36, p=0.76). Patients with ascites treated with bevacizumab had significantly improved PFS (AHR 0.71, 95% CI 0.62-0.81, p<0.001) and OS (AHR 0.82, 95% CI 0.70-0.96, p=0.014).
CONCLUSIONS: Ascites in women with advanced ovarian cancer is prognostic of poor overall survival. Ascites may predict the population of women more likely to derive long-term benefit from bevacizumab.
Long-term safety and anti-tumour activity of olaparib monotherapy after combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced breast, ovarian or fallopian tube cancer.
Br J Cancer. 2015; 113(3):396-402 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2017 Related Publications
METHODS: Patients had first participated in a phase I study of olaparib combined with carboplatin and/or paclitaxel. They continued with olaparib monotherapy in their best interest if they failed to tolerate the combination due to the treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Safety data were collected by physical examination and regular laboratory evaluations. Disease evaluations were performed by CT scan.
RESULTS: At data cutoff, 21 patients were included; 10 with breast, 9 with ovarian and 2 with fallopian tube cancer of whom 16 patients had a BRCA mutation (13 BRCA1; 3 BRCA2). TRAEs were mostly haematological and most prominent shortly after switching from combination to monotherapy, probably due to carry-over effects of chemotherapy. Over time, both severity and frequency of TRAEs decreased. Responses to olaparib were durable with a median treatment duration of 52 (range 7-183) weeks. In total, nine (43%) patients were still on study at data cutoff.
CONCLUSION: Continued long-term daily olaparib was found to be safe and tolerable. Encouragingly, patients who showed a favourable response on earlier combination therapy maintained this response on olaparib monotherapy.
Phase I study of combination of vorinostat, carboplatin, and gemcitabine in women with recurrent, platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2015; 76(2):417-23 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Fifteen patients with relapsed ovarian cancer were enrolled into this phase I study. Doses of carboplatin and gemcitabine were AUC 4 on day 1 and 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8, respectively; cycles were administered every 21 days. Vorinostat was tested using four different schedules. The first dose level (DL A) tested vorinostat as daily oral dosing from days 1 to 14. DL B tested twice daily (BID) vorinostat dosing on days 1-3 and 8-10. DL C tested BID vorinostat dosing on days 1, 2, 8, and 9, starting vorinostat 1 day prior to initiation of carboplatin and gemcitabine, and DL D tested vorinostat on days 1 and 2 with chemotherapy starting on day 2.
RESULTS: All four DLs tested resulted in dose-limiting toxicities, and no MTD was determined. Toxicities were mostly hematologic. Seven patients were evaluable for RECIST assessment, and six of them had partial responses (PR) via RECIST.
CONCLUSIONS: Combination of carboplatin, gemcitabine, and vorinostat has activity in relapsed platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer, but was difficult to combine because of hematologic toxicities in this phase I study. No maximally tolerated dose was found, and the study was terminated early.
Phase I study of intravenous (IV) docetaxel and intraperitoneal (IP) oxaliplatin in recurrent ovarian and fallopian tube cancer.
Gynecol Oncol. 2015; 138(3):548-53 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Patients received docetaxel 75mg/m(2) IV day (d) 1 and oxaliplatin escalating from 50mg/m(2) IP d2 every 3weeks using a 3+3 design. Treatment continued until disease progression, remission, or intolerable toxicity. Plasma and IP samples were taken to determine drug concentrations. MD Anderson Symptom Inventory and symptom interference scale were completed weekly.
RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included. Median number of cycles was 6 (range 1-10). Ten patients had measureable disease. Best response was partial response (PR-2), stable disease (SD-7), and progressive disease (PD-1). Twenty-one Grades 3-4 toxicities were noted, commonly hematologic. Two patients had DLTs: prolonged neutropenia (1) and abdominal pain (1). MTD was d1 docetaxel 75mg/m(2) IV and d2 oxaliplatin 50mg/m(2) IP. Symptom burden peaked week one and returned to baseline by week two of each cycle on dose level 1. Dose level 2 had persistently high symptom burden and interference. At IP oxaliplatin doses of 50mg/m(2), total unbound drug exposure (AUC) averaged 8 times larger and Cmax reached concentrations 50-fold greater in IP fluid compared to plasma.
CONCLUSIONS: Docetaxel 75mg/m(2) IV d1 and oxaliplatin 50mg/m(2) IP d2 is the MTD. Most patients had PR or SD. Patient-reported outcomes demonstrate temporary but tolerable decrements in QoL. IP oxaliplatin provides PK advantages over IV administration.
Abridged republication of FIGO's staging classification for cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum.
Cancer. 2015; 121(19):3452-4 [PubMed] Related Publications