Cancer of the Pancreas
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which the cells of the pancreas become malignant. The pancreas has two main functions; (i) it makes juices that help digest food and (ii) produces hormones (including insulin) that conrol how food is used and stored in the body. The vast majority of pancreatic cancers are associated with the part of the pancreas that makes digestive juices - these are known as "exocrine" pancreatic cancers. Only about 1/20 pancreatic cancers start in the hormone producing part of the pancreas ; these are known as "endocrine" pancreatic cancer or "islet cell cancer". There are several types of exocrine pancreatic cancers (based on how the cells appear under the microsope), most are classed as "ductal adenocarcinomas". Pancreatic cancer is rare before the age of 40 years, incidence increases sharply with increasing age.
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Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours (Islet Cell Tumours)
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MeSH term: Pancreatic Neoplasms
US National Library of Medicine
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This list of publications is regularly updated (Source: PubMed).
Targeted drug delivery systems for pancreatic cancer.
J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2014; 10(12):3462-82 [PubMed] Related Publications
Practical prognostic index for survival in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine or S-1.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):478-84 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: We analyzed 182 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer, who had received GEM or S-1 as first-line chemotherapy. Factors that contributed to the prognosis were identified by univariate and multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model. The PI was constructed using the factors identified in the multivariate analysis.
RESULTS: By multivariate analysis, performance status (PS), stage, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) were identified as factors that independently contributed to the prognosis of unresectable pancreatic cancer (P < 0.05). The hazard ratios were 1.69, 3.33, and 1.18, respectively. In addition, PI was calculated using these three factors. Patients were classified into three groups according to the PI values. A significant difference was observed among the survival curves of these three groups (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: We identified three prognostic factors in the population after the introduction of S-1, and have created a simple and useful PI. This index demonstrates the ability to accurately classify advanced pancreatic cancer patients before the start of treatment.
Lymphatic invasion is an independent prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer patients undergoing curative resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine or S-1.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):472-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: Both overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined in 122 pancreatic cancer patients who underwent curative surgery and received adjuvant gemcitabine or S-1 after surgery between 2005 and 2014.
RESULTS: When the length of OS was evaluated according to the log-rank test, significant differences were observed in lymphatic invasion and the T status. Univariate and multivariate Cox's proportional hazard analyses demonstrated that lymphatic invasion was the only significant independent prognostic factor for both OS and RFS. The 5-year OS was 30.1% in the lymphatic invasion-negative group and 12.1% in the lymphatic invasion-positive group (p < 0.001). Moreover, the 5-year RFS was 20.5% in the lymphatic invasion-negative group and 10.4% in the lymphatic invasion- positive group (p = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: Lymphatic invasion is the most important prognostic factor for OS and RFS in patients with pancreatic cancer who undergo curative resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. The present results suggest that adjuvant chemotherapy is not sufficient, especially in patients with risk factors. Such patients should be evaluated as a target group for clinical trials of novel treatments.
Diffusion-weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression/T2 image fusion is negative for patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):463-5 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: Patient records were analyzed retrospectively regarding IPMN. None showed high-risk stigmata or worrisome features. To rule out T2 shine-through or differentiate malignant lesions from non-malignant causes of restricted diffusion, positive ADC maps were produced from the recorded ADC values.
RESULTS: None of the patients with IPMN had features of malignant progression. No mural nodules were detected by endoscopic ultrasonography. IPMN was hyperintense with DWIBS/T2 and the ADC map. This finding suggested that the hyperintense values of IPMN were T2 shine-through. These results showed that none of the IPMNs were positive with DWIBS/T2.
CONCLUSION: DWIBS/T2 was negative for patients with IPMN. DWIBS/T2 might be useful for the evaluation of malignant progression, in addition to observation.
Detailed analysis of extra-pancreatic nerve plexus invasion in pancreatic body carcinoma analyzed by 50 consecutive series of distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):455-8 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: Resected specimens from 50 consecutive patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) were pathologically analyzed for the direction of PL invasion. Diagnostic accuracy on CT imaging were also investigated.
RESULTS: Thirty seven of the 50 patients (74%) were positive for PL invasion around the CHA, SPA, CA and SMA. In terms of the diagnostic accuracy, positive predictive values for the PL invasion were 35%, 36%, 43% and 81% for the SPA, CHA, CA and SMA, respectively. Among 21 patients and 23 patients with PL invasion around CHA and SPA, 13 and 6 patients also accompanied PL invasion around CA, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Carcinoma of the pancreatic body is found to frequently accompany PL invasion around CA. Under the limitation of low diagnostic accuracy, DP-CAR might be feasible operation that increases the possibility of R0 resection.
Correlation of computed tomography imaging features and pathological features of 41 patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):441-6 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 41 PNET patients who were treated between 2002 and 2012. All tumors were classified as neuroendocrine tumor (NET) grade 1 (G1), NET grade 2 (G2), or neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) grade 3 (G3) on the basis of the 2010 WHO classification system.
RESULTS: Twenty-five tumors were classified as G1, 11 as G2, and five as G3. Mean sizes of the G1, G2 and G3 tumors were 1.84 ± 0.54, 4.90 ± 0.84, and 5.62 ± 1.18 cm, respectively, (P < 0.01). A PNET is typically hypervascular and exhibits contrast enhancement on enhanced CT. Higher percentage of G1 tumors demonstrated typical imaging and showed a significantly greater distinct mass compared with G2 and G3 tumors.
CONCLUSIONS: Although PNET has many imaging features that appear on CT, G2 and G3 tumors often show atypical imaging features, particularly with large sizes and/or ill-defined features, when compared with G1 tumors. If a PNET has atypical imaging features, possibility of malignancy should be considered.
Correlations between serum trypsinogen-2 and pancreatic cancer.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):435-40 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: We recruited 88 patients from Internal Medicine/Surgical Departments of General Military Hospital of Beijing PLA between 12/2009 and 6/2010. Serum samples were collected preoperatively from 23 PC patients, 30 pancreatitis patients and 35 healthy controls. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect trypsinogen-2 semiquantitatively.
RESULTS: Serum trypsinogen-2 levels of PC and pancreatitis patients were significantly higher than those of controls (51.2 ± 80.3, 107.7 ± 98.1 vs. 1.0 ± 0.5, p = 0.03, p < 0.001) and significantly higher in pancreatitis vs. PC patients (107.7 ± 98.1 vs. 51.2 ± 80.3, p = 0.01). Higher Balthazar CT grades correlated with higher trypsinogen-2 in pancreatitis group. ROC curves for trypsinogen-2 revealed optimal cutoff value 1.8 as lower PC detection limit with 95.7% sensitivity and 91.4% specificity, and optimal cutoff value 19.9 for upper PC detection limit with 87.0% sensitivity and 97.1% specificity. Trypsinogen-2 levels correlated with pancreatic injury level. An AUC of 0.73 (95% Cl: 0.59-0.84, p = 0.002) distinguished PC from pancreatitis.
CONCLUSION: Serum trypsinogen-2 is associated with PC and pancreatitis. Levels between 1.8 μg/L and 19.9 μg/L strongly suggest PC. Detection of serum trypsinogen-2 may provide simple, sensitive, specific non-invasive initial screening for early PC diagnosis.
Expression of vasohibin-2 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma promotes tumor progression and is associated with a poor clinical outcome.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Mar-Apr; 62(138):251-6 [PubMed] Related Publications
Clinical implication of peritoneal cytology in the pancreatic cancer patients who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant gemcitabine or S-1 chemotherapy.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Jan-Feb; 62(137):200-6 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 143 consecutive patients who underwent macroscopically curative resection and received adjuvant gemcitabine or S-1 chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer from 2005 to 2014 in our institution. Correlations between CY status and survival and clinicopathological features were investigated.
RESULTS: Of the 143 patients, 21 patients were peritoneal washing cytology positive (CY+) (14.7%). Although significant difference was observed in the tumor size, no other correlation between cytology status and clinicopathological parameter existed. The recurrence free survival (RFS) rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 5.1% and 0% in CY+ patients, respectively, and were 21.5% and 16.1% in peritoneal washing cytology negative (CY-) patients, respectively, which were significantly different (p=0.001). The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 17.1% and 8.6% in CY+ patients, respectively, and were 26.1% and 16.1% in CY- patients, respectively, which were trend to worse in the CY+ patients (p=0.254).
CONCLUSION: The patients with CY+ are likely to experience recurrence, even after they received curative resection and adjuvant Gemcitabine or S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy.
Remnant pancreas reconstruction with duct-to-duct anastomosis after middle pancreatectomy: a report of two cases.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Jan-Feb; 62(137):190-4 [PubMed] Related Publications
Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: a single center experience in China.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Jan-Feb; 62(137):178-83 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features, prognostic factors of this disease in a consecutive cohort (N=294) between January 2007 and December 2012.
RESULTS: Functioning tumors accounted for 9.2%. Rectum was the most predominant GEP-NETs locations. Abdominal pain occurred in 46.5% patients which was the most common initial symptom. G1, G2 and G3 tumors accounted for 41.5%, 34.7% and 23.8%, respectively. Endoscopy provided the highest detection rate of 95.7%. Consistence between endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) and surgically obtained histological Ki-67 index was 36.4%. Serum CgA test showed a 80.0% consistence with the tissue biopsy. The median follow up duration was 2.8 years (0.02-5.90 years), the median survival was 4.8 years, overall 5-year survival rate was 69.6%. We found colonic localization, tumor size larger than 20 mm, G3 tumor and metastasis were associated with worse outcome (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: We found both consistence and differences in GEP-NETs characteristics between our study and previous reports.
Adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy after surgical resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Hepatogastroenterology. 2015 Jan-Feb; 62(137):169-74 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODOLOGY: Patients with pancreatic carcinoma who underwent pancreatic resection without adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy (n = 11) or with adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy (n = 10) were included. S-1 was administered orally at a dose of 40 mg/m2 twice daily for 28 consecutive days followed by a 14-day pause. The cycle was repeated 4 times. Overall and disease-free survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and statistical differences between groups were analyzed using the log-rank test.
RESULTS: The disease-free survival and overall survival were longer among recipients of adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy than among those who received surgery alone (P < 0.05; 5-year disease-free survival rate, 30% versus 0%; 5-year overall survival rate, 65% vs 0%). Although dose reduction was needed in 2 patients because of grade 2 anorexia, only 1 patient with grade 2 hypoalbuminemia discontinued adjuvant chemotherapy because of long-term hospitalization.
CONCLUSIONS: S-1 administered as a single agent showed promise as an adjuvant chemotherapy for resected pancreatic cancer.
Prognostic Value of FDG PET/CT-Derived Parameters in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma at Initial PET/CT Staging.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015; 204(5):1093-9 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 106 patients (62 men and 44 women) with histologically proven pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent initial staging FDG PET/CT before treatment. Peak standardized uptake value (SUV), maximum SUV (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume, and tumor glycolytic activity of the primary pancreatic tumor were measured. Two segmentation methods were performed to obtain the metabolic tumor volume and tumor glycolytic activity for all tumors: a gradient-based segmentation model (metabolic tumor volume and tumor glycolytic activity by gradient edge detection) and a fixed-threshold model with a threshold of 50% of the lesion's SUVmax and peak SUV. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were developed including clinical and imaging parameters for OS and PFS.
RESULTS: Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a statistically significant association between PFS and age, SUVmax, peak SUV, and tumor glycolytic activity by gradient edge detection. There was a statistically significant difference in PFS for patients with values above and below the median cutoff points for SUVmax (hazard ratio [HR], 1.12; p < 0.01), peak SUV (HR, 1.25; p < 0.02), and tumor glycolytic activity measured by gradient edge detection (HR, 1.00; p < 0.02) of the primary tumor. However, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a statistically significant association only between tumor glycolytic activity by gradient edge detection and OS (p = 0.04), and there was a statistically significant difference in OS between patients with values above and below the median cutoff point for the tumor glycolytic activity by gradient edge detection of the primary tumor (HR, 1.42; p = 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Age, SUVmax, peak SUV, and total lesion glycolysis (i.e., tumor glycolytic activity) of the primary tumor are associated with PFS, and tumor glycolytic activity is associated with OS in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
miR-367 promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and invasion of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells by targeting the Smad7-TGF-β signalling pathway.
Br J Cancer. 2015; 112(8):1367-75 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 14/04/2016 Related Publications
METHODS: Bioinformatic prediction programmes and luciferase reporter assay were used to identify microRNAs regulating Smad7. The association between miR-367 expression and the overall survival of PDAC patients was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The effects of miR-367 and Smad7 on the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells were investigated both in vitro and in vivo.
RESULTS: We found that miR-367 downregulated Smad7 expression by directly targeting its 3'-UTR in human pancreatic cancer cells. High level of miR-367 expression correlated with poor prognosis of PDAC patients. Functional studies showed that miR-367 promoted pancreatic cancer invasion in vitro and metastasis in vivo through downregulating Smad7. In addition, we showed that miR-367 promoted epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by increasing transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional activity.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified and characterised a signalling pathway, the miR-367/Smad7-TGF-β pathway, which is involved in the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells. Our results suggest that miR-367 may be a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of human pancreatic cancer.
Cancer cell-autonomous TRAIL-R signaling promotes KRAS-driven cancer progression, invasion, and metastasis.
Cancer Cell. 2015; 27(4):561-73 [PubMed] Related Publications
Anti-tumor effect of the extract from qingyihuaji formula on pancreatic cancer by down-regulating Notch-4 and Jagged-1.
J Tradit Chin Med. 2015; 35(1):77-83 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Nude mice were implanted subcutaneously with human pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 and then randomly divided into four groups: Control, QYHJ extract, Gemcitabine, and Combination of QYHJ extract and gemcitabine. Treatments were given for 21 days and tumor growth was evaluated simultaneously. Then, expression of Notch receptors (Notch-1, Notch-2, Notch-3, and Notch-4) and their Jagged ligands (Jagged-1 and Jagged-2) in dissected tumor tissue were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Finally, immunohistochemistry was performed to detect CD133, a marker of pancreatic cancer stem cells (CSCs), to evaluate the impact of QYHJ extract on pancreatic CSCs.
RESULTS: QYHJ extract treatment effectively inhibited the tumor growth in nude mice. The expression of both Notch-4 and Jagged-1 were decreased significantly in QYHJ treatment groups (P < 0.05), while gemcitabine alone had no significant effect in down-regulating Jagged-1 (P > 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the ex- pression of Notch-1, Notch-2, Notch-3, and Jagged-2 between three treatment groups and control group (P > 0.05). Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis showed that the number of CD133 positive cells was significantly reduced by QYHJ treatment (P < 0.05), and the combined treatment was more effective than gemcitabine alone (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The role of the extract in pancreatic cancer treatment was associated with down-regulation of Notch-4 and Jagged-1 in Notch signaling pathway. The extract could enhance the antitumor activity of gemcitabine and was more effective than gemcitabine in regulating Notch signaling pathway to some extent.
Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas.
W V Med J. 2015 Mar-Apr; 111(2):22-4 [PubMed] Related Publications
Combined effect of microRNA, nutraceuticals and drug on pancreatic cancer cell lines.
Chem Biol Interact. 2015; 233:56-64 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: MIA PaCa-2 and PANC-1 cells transfected with miR-101 or miR-24-2 were treated with Betulinic acid or Thymoquinone and gemcitabine independently and in combination and assessed for the extent of synergism in both experimental and control conditions, considering significance at the p value of <0.05.
RESULTS: miR-101 or miR-24-2 over-expressing cells when treated with lower than IC50 doses of the dietary compounds and drug showed a reduced (37-50%) viability in two cell lines with differential synergistic effect and the outcome for Pro-caspase3, Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage and PKM2 expression.
CONCLUSION: Two independent microRNA backgrounds showed promise in therapeutic intervention of gemcitabine sensitive, MIA PaCa-2 and resistant, PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells, in combination with dietary agents and drug.
Oncocytic-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms: a unique malignant pancreatic tumor with good long-term prognosis.
J Am Coll Surg. 2015; 220(5):839-44 [PubMed] Related Publications
STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of the demographics, clinical presentation, pathology, and survival of a cohort of patients resected for IPMN between 1990 and 2013, comparing O-IPMN with other IPMN subtypes.
RESULTS: Eighteen of 400 patients (4.5%) who underwent resection for IPMN had the oncocytic subtype. Compared with other IPMN patients, those with O-IPMNs were more likely to be male (72% vs 45%; p = 0.02) and to have main pancreatic duct involvement (72% vs 42%; p = 0.01). Oncocytic IPMNs occurred in asymptomatic individuals in 67% of cases. They had either invasive carcinoma (61%) or high-grade dysplasia (39%), and the proportions in other epithelial subtypes were 19% and 21%, respectively (p < 0.001). After resection, the 10-year recurrence rate for O-IPMNs was 46%. Recurrences occurred up to 11 years after the initial resection and a completion total pancreatectomy was performed in 4 patients. At a median follow-up of 7 years, no patients with O-IPMN had died from the disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Oncocytic IPMN is a unique tumor subtype that occurs mostly in the main pancreatic duct and is malignant. Recurrences after resection are not uncommon and can occur more than 10 years after the initial resection. Reoperations for recurrent O-IPMN are often feasible and have excellent results in terms of survival.
GNAS and KRAS Mutations Define Separate Progression Pathways in Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm-Associated Carcinoma.
J Am Coll Surg. 2015; 220(5):845-54.e1 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/05/2016 Related Publications
STUDY DESIGN: Patients with resected IPMN-associated invasive carcinoma (IPMN-INV) between 1997 and 2012 were reviewed. Areas of carcinoma, high-grade dysplasia, and low-grade dysplasia were micro-dissected from each pathologic specimen. Targeted, massively parallel sequencing was then performed on a panel of 275 genes (including KRAS, GNAS, and RNF43).
RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with resected IPMN-INV and sufficient tissue for micro-dissection were identified. Median follow-up was 2.6 years. Mutations in GNAS were more prevalent in colloid-type IPMN-INV than tubular-type IPMN-INV (89% vs 32% respectively; p = 0.0003). Conversely, KRAS mutations were more prevalent in tubular-type than colloid-type IPMN-INV (89% vs 52%, respectively; p = 0.01). For noninvasive IPMN subtypes, GNAS mutations were more prevalent in intestinal (74%) compared with pancreatobiliary (31%) and gastric (50%) subtypes (p = 0.02). The presence of these mutations did not vary according to the degree of dysplasia (GNAS: invasive 61%, high-grade 59%, low-grade 53%; KRAS: invasive 71%, high-grade 62%, low-grade 74%), suggesting that mutations in these genes occur early in IPMN carcinogenesis.
CONCLUSIONS: Colloid carcinoma associated with IPMN and its intestinal-type preinvasive precursor are associated with high frequencies of GNAS mutations. The mutation profile of tubular carcinoma resembles that of conventional pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Preoperative determination of mutational status may assist with clinical treatment decisions.
Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy should not be routine for resection of periampullary tumors.
J Am Coll Surg. 2015; 220(5):831-8 [PubMed] Related Publications
STUDY DESIGN: Between April 2011 and April 2014, 46 LPD were performed and compared with 46 OPD, which theoretically can be done by the laparoscopic approach. Patients were also matched for demographic data, associated comorbidities, and underlying disease. Patient demographics and perioperative and postoperative outcomes were studied from our single center prospective database.
RESULTS: Lower BMI (23 vs 27 kg/m(2), p < 0.001) and a soft pancreas (57% vs 47%, p = 0.38) were observed in patients with LPD, but there were no differences in associated comorbidities or underlying disease. Surgery lasted longer in the LPD group (342 vs 264 minutes, p < 0.001). One death occurred in the LPD group (2.1% vs 0%, p = 0.28) and severe morbidity was higher (28% vs 20%, p = 0.32) in LPD due to grade C pancreatic fistula (PF) (24% vs 6%, p = 0.007), bleeding (24% vs 7%, p = 0.02), and revision surgery (24% vs 11%, p = 0.09). Pathologic examination for malignant diseases did not identify any differences between the LPD and OPD as far as size (2.51 vs 2.82 cm, p = 0.27), number of harvested (20 vs 23, p = 0.62) or invaded (2.4 vs 2, p = 0.22) lymph nodes, or R0 resection (80% vs 80%; p = 1). Hospital stays were similar (25 vs 23 days, p = 0.59). There was no difference in outcomes between approaches in patients at a lower risk of PF.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that LPD is associated with higher morbidity, mainly due to more severe PF. Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy should be considered only in the subgroup of patients with a low risk of PF.
Anti-Ge2: further evidence for lack of clinical significance.
Immunohematology. 2014; 30(4):156-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
TNM staging of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: an observational analysis and comparison by both AJCC and ENETS systems from 1 single institution.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(12):e660 [PubMed] Related Publications
Solid serous cystadenoma of the pancreas: a case report of 2 patients revealing vimentin, β-catenin, α-1 antitrypsin, and α-1 antichymotrypsin as new immunohistochemistry staining markers.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(12):e644 [PubMed] Related Publications
Quality appraisal of clinical practice guidelines on pancreatic cancer: a PRISMA-compliant article.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(12):e635 [PubMed] Related Publications
Road accident due to a pancreatic insulinoma: a case report.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94(12):e537 [PubMed] Related Publications
Economic evaluation for the UK of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in the treatment of metastatic pancreas cancer.
Br J Cancer. 2015; 112(8):1301-5 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 14/04/2016 Related Publications
METHODS: A Markov model simulating the health outcomes and total costs was developed to estimate the life years gained (LYG) and quality-adjusted life years gained (QALY) and incremental cost-effectiveness (ICER) and cost-utility ratios (ICUR) for patients with MPC in a base case and in a probabilistic (PSA) sensitivity analysis. Total cost included the cost of supportive care medications, administration, chemotherapy, disease monitoring, and adverse reactions; and was discounted at 3.5% per year. A full lifetime horizon and third party payer perspective was chosen.
RESULTS: The total cost of NAB-P+GEM was £5466 higher than the cost for GEM. Respectively, LYGs were 0.97 vs 0.79 and QALYs were 0.52 vs 0.45, with ICER of £30 367/LYG and ICUR of £78 086/QALY, confirmed by PSA.
CONCLUSIONS: The superior survival efficacy of NAB-P+GEM over GEM in the management of MPC is associated with positive cost-effectiveness and cost-utility.
Stage III pancreatic cancer and the role of irreversible electroporation.
BMJ. 2015; 350:h521 [PubMed] Related Publications
Neomorphic effects of recurrent somatic mutations in Yin Yang 1 in insulin-producing adenomas.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015; 112(13):4062-7 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 14/04/2016 Related Publications
REG3A accelerates pancreatic cancer cell growth under IL-6-associated inflammatory condition: Involvement of a REG3A-JAK2/STAT3 positive feedback loop.
Cancer Lett. 2015; 362(1):45-60 [PubMed] Related Publications