Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization (FISH): "A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei." (Source: MeSH 2013)
Recent Publications: FISH
FISH Resources (2 links)
Recent Publications: FISH
A novel method of amplified fluorescent in situ hybridization for detection of chromosomal microdeletions in B cell lymphoma.
Int J Hematol. 2019; 109(5):593-602 [PubMed] Related Publications
Agar pre-embedding of small skin biopsies: real-life benefits and challenges in high throughput pathology laboratories.
J Clin Pathol. 2019; 72(6):448-451 [PubMed] Related Publications
FISH and FICTION in Lymphoma Research.
Methods Mol Biol. 2019; 1956:249-267 [PubMed] Related Publications
Surveillance of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer using fluorescence in situ hybridization: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019; 98(7):e14573 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
METHODS: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, Ovid, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Library will be searched for studies related to the topic. The identification, inclusion, and exclusion flowcharts will be conducted according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines. The identified reports will be critically appraised according to the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies-2 and standards for reporting of diagnostic accuracy 2015. Forest plots will be generated to display hazard ratios, sensitivities, and specificities. Pooled estimates with their 95% confidence intervals will be calculated using the bivariate model, the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic model and a fixed- or random-effects model.
RESULTS: This study will provide evidence and data to form a comprehensive understanding of the value of FISH in the surveillance of NMIBC.
CONCLUSION: The diagnostic efficacy of FISH will be affected by post-therapy factors. However, FISH still could facilitate the surveillance of NMIBC owing to its non-invasive feature. This study will improve the clinical decision-making and enlighten the future research of NMIBC.
Impact of the updated 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines on HER2 FISH testing in invasive breast cancer: a retrospective study of HER2 fish results of 2233 cases.
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019; 175(1):51-57 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the HER2 FISH testing results from 2233 cases of invasive breast cancer between January 2014 and December 2017. Concomitant immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed on the same tissue blocks that were used for the FISH testing.
RESULTS: Compared to the 2013 guidelines, the HER2 status in 183 (8.2%) cases were re-defined when reassessed by the 2018 guidelines. Among these 183 cases, 175 equivocal cases according to the 2013 guideline were re-defined as HER2 negative (n = 173) or HER2 positive (n = 2). Eight previously classified as HER2 positive cases were converted to negative in the 2018 scheme, all of which were with HER2 IHC scores of 1+ or 2+. The number of cases in the negative category was 1705 according to the 2018 guidelines as opposed to 1524 by the 2013 guidelines.
CONCLUSIONS: The updated 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines eliminated the FISH equivocal category, which can be attributed to reflex HER2 IHC, and partly ease the dilemma for clinical practice. Reflex IHC for FISH equivocal cases is of prime importance; furthermore, HER2 FISH results were converted from positivity to negativity based on the concomitant IHC results in a small percentage of cases. In all, implementation of the 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines provides much clearer instructions and recommendations for the HER2 status designation, and thus reduces the risk of misdiagnosis.
A comprehensive comparison of fluorescence in situ hybridization and cytology for the detection of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018; 97(52):e13859 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
METHODS: We performed a complete systematic review based on studies from PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Ovid, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Library. We identified 2031 patients with strict criteria in 14 individual studies between January 2005 to November 2017 in accordance to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, we summarized the test performance using bivariate random effects models.
RESULTS: FISH was superior to cytology in terms of pooled sensitivities (84.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 74.4-90.5% vs 40.0%, 95% CI 33.6-46.7%). FISH and cytology were similar to each other in terms of pooled specificities, which were 89.5% (95% CI 85.3-92.6%) for FISH and 95.9% (95% CI 91.2-98.1%) for cytology.
CONCLUSION: We confirm the superiority of FISH over cytology in terms of sensitivity and find similar diagnostic outcomes between them based on systematic analysis. Therefore, we demonstrate that FISH is extremely sensitive while still very reliable with a relatively low error rate for diagnosing UUT-UC.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization in 1 mL of selective urine for the detection of upper tract urothelial carcinoma: a feasibility study.
Med Oncol. 2018; 36(1):10 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
The prognostic impact of loss of chromosome 7 material detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in myeloid malignancies.
J Egypt Natl Canc Inst. 2018; 30(4):133-138 [PubMed] Related Publications
AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics, response to treatment, and survival of patients with primary AML and MDS having -7 or del(7q) detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 53 patients with primary AML and MDS. They were tested for chromosome 7 abnormality using FISH technique.
RESULTS: Thirty-one patients had chromosome 7 abnormality and 22 did not. Lower complete remission and higher death rates were observed in patients with -7 (47.6% and 62%, respectively) when compared to patients with del(7q) (70% and 40%, respectively) with no significant difference (p = 0.218 and 0.101, respectively). The median overall survival (OS) of patients with -7, del(7q) and normal chromosome 7 were 32.0, 43.0 and 50.0 months, respectively, with significant statistical difference (p = 0.001). This difference was evident between patients with -7 and those with normal chromosome 7 (p = 0.001), and less evident between patients with -7 and those with del(7q) (p = 0.021).
CONCLUSION: Chromosome 7 analysis has clear impact on the outcome of myeloid malignancies. The prognostic variations between -7 and del(7q) is attributed to multiple factors. Cases with del(7q) have better outcome than cases with -7. FISH provides a powerful tool for detecting and monitoring patients with chromosome 7 abnormalities.
Impact of the 2018 ASCO/CAP HER2 guidelines update for HER2 testing by FISH in breast cancer.
Pathol Res Pract. 2019; 215(2):251-255 [PubMed] Related Publications
Comparison of urinary cytology and fluorescence in situ hybridization in the detection of urothelial neoplasia: An analysis of discordant results.
Diagn Cytopathol. 2019; 47(4):282-288 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Urine samples from 89 patients were prospectively collected for simultaneous cytology and UroVysion FISH, and results correlated with concurrent biopsies and/or clinical or histologic follow-up data. Corresponding tissue biopsies, where available, were also evaluated by FISH.
RESULTS: Sensitivity and specificity of cytology and FISH for the detection of UC was 54.8% and 92% and 50% and 88%, respectively. Only one of seven false-positive urinary FISH results proved to be an "anticipatory positive" on extended follow-up. Five of eight (62.5%) high grade (HG) carcinomas with false-negative urinary FISH, were negative due to the absence/paucity of FISH-detectable changes in the tumor cells. In atypical cytology cases, the FISH result did not assist in identifying UC. There was no significant difference between an atypical cytology result and a positive FISH result, with respect to the identification of patients with UC.
CONCLUSIONS: We found urinary cytology to be more sensitivity and specific than FISH in the detection of UC, though the difference was not statistically significant. Up to 24% of HG UCs are FISH negative due to an absence of FISH-detectable abnormalities in the tumor cells. Paucity of neoplastic cells in the urine also contributes to false-negative FISH results in both HG and low grade tumors. Negative urinary FISH cannot be taken alone as indicating the absence of significant disease in patients with atypical cytology.
Analysis of Common Abnormalities Seen in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization.
Methods Mol Biol. 2019; 1881:35-49 [PubMed] Related Publications
Microfluidics-based immunofluorescence for fast staining of ALK in lung adenocarcinoma.
Diagn Pathol. 2018; 13(1):79 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
METHODS: A novel ALK IF protocol was developed for the MTP device using the primary mouse anti-human ALK antibody clone 5A4. FFPE tumor whole sections from 14 resected lung adenocarcinoma patients documented to be ALK positive (ALK+) by automated chromogenic IHC and/or FISH were used. MTP-derived IF immunoreactivity was measured by computerized analysis of digitalized images on individual frames of tumor epithelia and surrounding stroma, using an ImageJ plug-in.
RESULTS: The 5A4 antibody yielded saturated immunoreactivity at an incubation time of 4 min on a titration curve ranging from 2 to 32 min. Total staining time on the MTP device was 18 min including secondary IgG Alexa Fluor 647. MTP-based ALK IF confirmed all 12 cases; with epithelial signal above stromal staining based on computerized pixel-based measurement. MTP-IF (mean intensity levels 458 to 1301) and chromogenic IHC (H-score 120 to 300) showed an equal range of variation of 2.8 and 2.5 folds, respectively, and a trend for direct correlation (p-value 0.051).
CONCLUSION: The newly developed protocol for immunofluorescent detection of ALK protein with the MTP device confirms chromogenic IHC results on FFPE lung adenocarcinoma specimens. MTP-based IF is fast and reliable. We foresee this study to be a first step opening the road for further realization of microfluidic-based assays for rapid simultaneous detection of targetable oncogenic and immune-system related markers in their topographical context to investigate tumour heterogeneity and micro-environmental interactions.
An audit of the diagnosis and reporting of soft tissue sarcomas at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital.
Niger J Clin Pract. 2018; 21(10):1330-1336 [PubMed] Related Publications
Methods: Slides of soft tissue sarcomas diagnosed in our institution over a 5-year period were reviewed with specialist soft tissue pathologists. Ancillary immunohistochemistry and fluorescent in situ hybridization were performed where necessary. The contents of the reports were assessed using a diagnostic checklist developed by the Association of Directors of Anatomic and Surgical Pathology.
Results: Fifty-five of the 62 patients studied (88.7%) were correctly identified as sarcomas. However, the correct diagnoses were made in only 27 patients (43.6%). Kaposi sarcoma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans were the most recognized sarcomas, while leiomyosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor were the least recognized sarcomas. The most reported parameters included the histologic type (100%) and size (89.7%), while the percentage of necrosis (0%) and the stage (0%) were the least reported parameters.
Conclusion: A pattern based approach is important for the accurate diagnosis of soft tissue sarcomas. Some essential prognostic parameters and information needed for management were not included in the histopathology reports. The adoption of a structured reporting format and multidisciplinary team meetings will help to ensure the inclusion of such important information in the pathology report.
The role of fluorescence in situ hybridization to predict patient response to intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy for bladder cancer: A diagnostic meta-analysis and systematic review.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018; 97(36):e12227 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to July 5, 2018, and used Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnosis Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) to assess the quality. We pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under curve (AUC) of baseline and post-BCG FISH test for predicting tumor recurrence. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and a Fagan nomogram were applied to assess predictive accuracy of post-BCG FISH test.
RESULTS: A total of 6 studies with 442 participants for post-BCG test and 404 participants for baseline BCG test were included. The pooled analysis for post-BCG FISH test revealed the sensitivity of 0.54 (95% CI 0.38-0.69), specificity of 0.84 (95% CI: 0.72-0.91), and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.78 (95% CI: 0.74-0.81) for predicting tumor recurrence. Patients with positive post-BCG FISH test were more likely to recur during follow-up (HR 3.95, 95% CI 2.72-5.72). The Fagan nomogram revealed the "post-test" probability of tumor recurrence increased by 29% for patients with positive post-BCG FISH test. The baseline FISH test had a pooled sensitivity of 0.70 (95% CI 0.55-0.81), specificity of 0.41 (95% CI: 0.26-0.58), and AUC of 0.60 (95% CI: 0.56-0.64) for predicting recurrence.
CONCLUSION: The post-BCG FISH test can predict BCG failure with high specificity and patients with positive post-BCG FISH test were more likely to recur. However, the relatively low sensitivity of post-BCG FISH test and unsatisfactory performance of baseline FISH test may limit their mono-use.
A triple-probe FISH screening strategy for risk-stratified therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in low-resource settings.
Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2018; 65(12):e27366 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Review of the medical literature and assessment of current utilization patterns regarding the use of two common fluorescence in situ hybridization assays in the diagnosis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and clear cell sarcoma.
J Cutan Pathol. 2018; 45(12):905-913 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: The current literature on t(17;22) COL1A1-PDGFB fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay in DFSP was reviewed. Also reviewed was the current literature on dual color break-apart EWSR1 FISH assay in CCS. Finally, the current utilization patterns of these tests was assessed in attendees of the American Society of Dermatopathology annual meeting (Chicago, 2016).
RESULTS: The literature indicates that (17;22) COL1A1-PDGFB FISH assay has limited value for classic DFSP, where the diagnosis can be established by routine morphology and immunohistochemistry. Given the high specificity of the EWSR1 FISH assay and significant complexity in the diagnosis of CCS, this ancillary study is helpful in distinguishing CCS from melanoma.
CONCLUSIONS: In attendees, t(17;22) COL1A1-PDGFB FISH testing for classic cases of DFSP is appropriately not being used by respondents. However, the literature sustains that it is useful in selected circumstances in which a definitive diagnosis is challenging. The majority of respondents are utilizing the EWSR1 FISH assay to distinguish CSS from melanoma as is supported by the literature.
Diagnostic Value Comparison of Urothelium Carcinoma Among Urine Exfoliated Cells Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) Examination, Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan, and Urine Cytologic Examination.
Med Sci Monit. 2018; 24:5788-5792 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Circulating tumor cells detection in neuroblastoma patients by EpCAM-independent enrichment and immunostaining-fluorescence in situ hybridization.
EBioMedicine. 2018; 35:244-250 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Her-2/neu Oncogene Amplification by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Protein Overexpression on Immunohistochemistry in Breast Cancer.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2018; 28(8):581-585 [PubMed] Related Publications
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Histopathology, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, from 2011 to 2016.
METHODOLOGY: Forty-three specimens of invasive ductal carcinoma of breast were evaluated for grade and Her-2/neu status using IHC and FISH methods. Concordance and discordance between their results was determined.
RESULTS: There is 100% concordance between FISH and IHC in cases scoring 0, 1+ (negative) and 3+ (positive) immunostaining. Tumour cases scoring 2+ immunostaining showed amplification in 69.2% cases. All grade-I tumours were non-amplified on FISH, while most of the grade-III tumours showed Her-2/neu amplification on FISH. There is significant association of Her-2/neu IHC with tumour grade and FISH (p<0.05). A fairly high proportion i.e. 69.7% of cases showed Her-2/neu gene amplification. There was high concordance between Her-2/neu testing on IHC and FISH, (Kappa co-efficient 0.466, p <0.001).
CONCLUSION: Her-2/neu amplification increases with increasing grade of breast cancer. A high proportion of Her-2/neu gene amplified cases indicates aggressive disease in that area and need for FISH testing on large scale, which is the gold standard for equivocal cases on immunohistochemistry.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization microscopic detection of Bacilli Calmette Guérin mycobacteria in aortic lesions: A case report.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2018; 97(30):e11321 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
PATIENT CONCERNS: One patient with a history of intravesical BCG installation presented with aortic aneurysm with routine microscopic examination after Ziehl-Neelsen staining remaining negative.
DIAGNOSES: We used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to target the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex rpob gene in a fresh aortic specimen. FISH yielded fluorescent mycobacteria in aortic lesions; mycobacteria were further confirmed as Mycobacterium bovis BCG mycobacteria by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing.
INTERVENTIONS: The patient benefited from an antituberculous treatment combining rifampicin, isoniazid, and ethambunol.
OUTCOME: A 9-month follow-up indicated a favorable outcome.
LESSONS: This case report teaches that FISH targeting the M tuberculosis complex rpoB gene should be incorporated in the laboratory investigation of aortic aneurysm in patients with a history of bladder carcinoma.
Identification of prognostic parameters in CLL with no abnormalities detected by chromosome banding and FISH analyses.
Br J Haematol. 2018; 183(1):47-59 [PubMed] Related Publications
Non-invasive early detection of malignant pulmonary nodules by FISH-based sputum test.
Cancer Genet. 2018; 226-227:1-10 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: Induced sputum was collected from patients who were scheduled for biopsy of a solitary pulmonary nodule (0.8-3 cm) in one of 6 tertiary medical centers in the US and Israel. The lung cancer detection (LCD) Test combined sputum cytology and Target-FISH analysis on the same target cells and the results were compared to the pathology. Participants with non-surgical negative biopsy results were followed for 2 years to determine their final diagnosis.
RESULTS: Of the 173 participants who were evaluated, 112 were available for analysis. Overall, the LCD test had a sensitivity of 85.5% (95% CI, 76.1-92.3), specificity of 69% (95% CI, 49.2-84.7) and an accuracy of 81.3% (95% CI, 72.8-88). The positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) were 88.8% and 62.5%, respectively. The LCD test was positive in 9 of 11 lung cancer patients who had an initial negative biopsy.
CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort of patients with highly suspicious lung nodules, the LCD test is a non-invasive option with good sensitivity and a high positive predictive value. A positive LCD test reinforces the need to aggressively pursue a definitive diagnosis of suspicious nodules.
Clinical evaluation of two consecutive UroVysion fluorescence in situ hybridization tests to detect intravesical recurrence of bladder cancer: a prospective blinded comparative study in Japan.
Int J Clin Oncol. 2018; 23(6):1140-1147 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: In this prospective, blinded, comparative study, 486 patients treated by TURBT within the prior 2 years were registered at 12 centers. Urine cytology and UroVysion tests were performed once or twice at a central testing laboratory. For the patients with no suspicious findings of bladder cancer in the first analysis, the same examination set was repeated 3 months later as the second analysis. Totals of 468 and 399 patients were eligible for the first and second analyses, respectively. We determined the sensitivity and specificity of two consecutive UroVysion tests.
RESULTS: Bladder cancers were identified in 44 patients at the first analysis. The UroVysion test had 50.0% (95% CI 35.2-64.8%) sensitivity and 72.4% (68.3-76.8%). Urine cytology had 4.5% (0.0-10.7%) sensitivity and 99.8% (99.3-100.0%) specificity. The concordant rate of the first and second UroVysion test results was 72% (kappa coefficient 0.157). Interestingly, the patients with two consecutive positive UroVysion test results had the highest cancer detection rate (14.8%), which is greater than those of the patients with a positive result in either (7.2%) or neither (1.2%) of the two tests at the 3-month follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: The UroVysion test provided higher sensitivity than urine cytology to detect bladder cancer during post-TURBT follow-up. Two consecutive UroVysion tests might be a better indicator to predict intravesical recurrence.
Discrepant Cytogenetic and Interphase Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (I-FISH) Results from Bone Marrow Specimens of Patients with Hematologic Neoplasms.
Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2018; 48(3):264-272 [PubMed] Related Publications
Improvement of sensitive and specific detection of circulating tumor cells using negative enrichment and immunostaining-FISH.
Clin Chim Acta. 2018; 485:95-102 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: In this study, we developed a novel strategy that combined negative enrichment (NE), immunocytochemistry CD45 staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify, enumerate and characterize CTCs. CTCs were identified as DAPI+/CD45-/Chromosome multiploid. The assay was evaluated with different cancer cell lines including lung, breast, esophageal and gastric cancer. And then, the developed assay was applied in cancer patients to explore the possibility of clinical application and whether CTC number was related to clinicopathological factors.
RESULTS: The average recover rate of esophageal cancer cell line Eca-109 using negative enrichment was higher than 80% and the multiploid cells rate of four cancer cell lines were >96%, which demonstrate the NE-FISH platform is favorable for CTCs detection. CTCs count was significantly higher in lung cancer patients than healthy controls and benign lung disease with an area under ROC curve of 0.905 (95% confidence interval 0.866-0.944, P < .001). Using a cutoff value of 2 CTCs, the positive rate of detecting lung, gastric, breast and esophageal cancer patients were 71.33%, 86.21%, 76.77% and 78.35%, respectively. Besides, CTCs could be detected in stage I with the positive rate of 64.15% for lung cancer, 83.33% for gastric cancer, 78.95% for breast cancer and 68.18% for esophageal cancer, which may promote the early diagnose and influence the treatment decision for better management of those cancer in clinic.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that CTCs could be detected in diverse cancers using the novel NE-FISH platform with high sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, analysis of CTCs with NE-FISH has a clear potential to improve the management of cancer patients in clinical use.
Comparative Pathologic Analysis of Breast Cancers Classified as HER2/neu-Amplified by FISH Using a Standard HER2/CEP17 Dual Probe and an Alternative Chromosome 17 Control Probe.
Am J Surg Pathol. 2018; 42(9):1208-1215 [PubMed] Related Publications
Macrodissection prior to closed system RT-qPCR is not necessary for estrogen receptor and HER2 concordance with IHC/FISH in breast cancer.
Lab Invest. 2018; 98(8):1076-1083 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
FISH analysis of selected soft tissue tumors: Diagnostic experience in a tertiary center.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2019; 15(1):38-47 [PubMed] Related Publications
METHODS: All routine diagnostic FISH tests performed on BST formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens at the RPAH in a 5-year period (February, 2010-November, 2015) were reviewed. FISH analyses presented in this study include commercial break-apart probes (SS18, FUS, DDIT3, FUS, USP6, PDGFB, TFE3 and ALK) and a single enumeration (MDM2) probe.
RESULTS: There were 434 interpretable FISH assays on BST samples including MDM2 (n=180), SS18 (n=97), FUS (n=64), DDIT3 (n=37), USP6 (n=30), PDGFB (n=13), TFE3 (n=8) and ALK (n=5). Discrepancies between the histopathological diagnosis and the FISH results were seen in 12% of the cases. In this subset of discordant cases, FISH contributed to the re-classification of 7% of cases originally diagnosed as synovial sarcoma (SS18) and 6% of adipocytic neoplasms (MDM2) based on the presence or absence of the expected gene alteration.
CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that paraffin FISH is a sensitive and specific ancillary tool in the diagnosis of BST neoplasms when used in the appropriate clinicopathological context. These findings highlight the need for further ancillary molecular tools in the diagnosis and characterization of challenging cases.
Evaluation of a Dual ALK/ROS1 Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization Test in Non-Small-cell Lung Cancer.
Clin Lung Cancer. 2018; 19(5):e647-e653 [PubMed] Related Publications
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the FlexISH ALK/ROS1 DistinguISH Probe (Zytovision, Bremerhaven, Germany) to analyze a set of 28 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded NSCLC tumor samples enriched in tumors with ALK- and ROS1-rearranged status.
RESULTS: The dual ALK/ROS1 FISH probe test results were fully concordant with the results of previous single ALK and ROS1 FISH tests (15 ALK and 3 ROS1 rearrangements) without any false-positive results. Dual- and single-probe FISH test results were also concordant regarding the unusual ALK FISH patterns. These included 1 sample that had negative FISH results with diffuse single 5'-ALK signals and positive ALK immunohistochemistry findings in a patient with a response to crizotinib, 2 paired samples with high percentages of ALK FISH-rearranged nuclei despite negative ALK immunohistochemistry findings, and ALK FISH-positive samples from 2 patients lacking a response to crizotinib therapy despite concordant ALK FISH and immunohistochemistry-positive results.
CONCLUSION: The dual ALK/ROS1 FISH probe test is a valuable tool to search concurrently for both ALK and ROS1 rearrangements on a same FISH slide and could help to spare tumor tissue for other biomarkers tests.
Prevalence of cytogenetic abnormalities in chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the southern part of Turkey.
Indian J Cancer. 2017 Jul-Sep; 54(3):572-575 [PubMed] Related Publications
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the frequencies of deletions of 13q14.3, 17p13.1, 11q22.3, and 13q34 and of trisomy 12 and to observe their effects on survival in 226 Turkish CLL patients using FISH analysis.
RESULT AND CONCLUSION: The frequencies of abnormalities were 65.4% for del 13q14.3, 39.8% for del 17p13.1, 19% for del 11q22.3 (del ATM), and 15.9% for trisomy 12. No patients had a 13q34.3 aberration. Our results are partially consistent with literature findings. However, certain conflicts with prior results were observed, particularly with respect to the high prevalence of 17p13.1 deletions and the enhanced survival of patients with such deletions. These inconsistencies may represent population-based differences in the genetic epidemiology of CLL.