Gene Summary

Gene:BCL7A; BAF chromatin remodeling complex subunit BCL7A
Aliases: BCL7
Summary:This gene is directly involved, with Myc and IgH, in a three-way gene translocation in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line. As a result of the gene translocation, the N-terminal region of the gene product is disrupted, which is thought to be related to the pathogenesis of a subset of high-grade B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The N-terminal segment involved in the translocation includes the region that shares a strong sequence similarity with those of BCL7B and BCL7C. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Databases:OMIM, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Protein:B-cell CLL/lymphoma 7 protein family member A
Source:NCBIAccessed: 31 August, 2019


What does this gene/protein do?
BCL7A is implicated in:
- cellular_component
- molecular_function
- negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent
Data from Gene Ontology via CGAP

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1994-2019)
Graph generated 31 August 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

  • Proteins
  • Base Sequence
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Promoter Regions
  • Tumor Suppressor Gene
  • Genotype
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Cancer DNA
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Oncogene Proteins
  • Phenotype
  • Chromosome 12
  • Cancer Gene Expression Regulation
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway
  • BCL7A
  • p53 Protein
  • Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
  • Transcription Factors
  • Staging
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Translocation
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Mutation
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Skin Cancer
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
  • Adolescents
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Childhood Cancer
  • Apoptosis
  • Young Adult
  • Mutation Rate
  • Sequence Deletion
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • DNA Methylation
Tag cloud generated 31 August, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

Specific Cancers (3)

Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.

Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).

Latest Publications: BCL7A (cancer-related)

Manojlovic Z, Christofferson A, Liang WS, et al.
Comprehensive molecular profiling of 718 Multiple Myelomas reveals significant differences in mutation frequencies between African and European descent cases.
PLoS Genet. 2017; 13(11):e1007087 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy with significantly greater incidence and mortality rates among African Americans (AA) compared to Caucasians (CA). The overall goal of this study is to elucidate differences in molecular alterations in MM as a function of self-reported race and genetic ancestry. Our study utilized somatic whole exome, RNA-sequencing, and correlated clinical data from 718 MM patients from the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation CoMMpass study Interim Analysis 9. Somatic mutational analyses based upon self-reported race corrected for ancestry revealed significant differences in mutation frequency between groups. Of interest, BCL7A, BRWD3, and AUTS2 demonstrate significantly higher mutation frequencies among AA cases. These genes are all involved in translocations in B-cell malignancies. Moreover, we detected a significant difference in mutation frequency of TP53 and IRF4 with frequencies higher among CA cases. Our study provides rationale for interrogating diverse tumor cohorts to best understand tumor genomics across populations.

Kaymaz Y, Oduor CI, Yu H, et al.
Comprehensive Transcriptome and Mutational Profiling of Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Reveals EBV Type-Specific Differences.
Mol Cancer Res. 2017; 15(5):563-576 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is the most common pediatric cancer in malaria-endemic equatorial Africa and nearly always contains Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), unlike sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (sBL) that occurs with a lower incidence in developed countries. Given these differences and the variable clinical presentation and outcomes, we sought to further understand pathogenesis by investigating transcriptomes using RNA sequencing (RNAseq) from multiple primary eBL tumors compared with sBL tumors. Within eBL tumors, minimal expression differences were found based on: anatomical presentation site, in-hospital survival rates, and EBV genome type, suggesting that eBL tumors are homogeneous without marked subtypes. The outstanding difference detected using surrogate variable analysis was the significantly decreased expression of key genes in the immunoproteasome complex (
IMPLICATIONS: Genomic and mutational analyses of Burkitt lymphoma tumors identify key differences based on viral content and clinical outcomes suggesting new avenues for the development of prognostic molecular biomarkers and therapeutic interventions.

Son M, Lee M, Ryu E, et al.
Genipin as a novel chemical activator of EBV lytic cycle.
J Microbiol. 2015; 53(2):155-65 [PubMed] Related Publications
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous gammaherpesvirus that causes acute infection and establishes life-long latency. EBV causes several human cancers, including Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal and gastric carcinoma. Antiviral agents can be categorized as virucides, antiviral chemotherapeutic agents, and immunomodulators. Most antiviral agents affect actively replicating viruses, but not their latent forms. Novel antiviral agents must be active on both the replicating and the latent forms of the virus. Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen flowering plant belonging to the Rubiaceae family and is most commonly found growing wild in Vietnam, Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar, and India. Genipin is an aglycone derived from an iridoid glycoside called geniposide, which is present in large quantities in the fruit of G. jasminoides. In this study, genipin was evaluated for its role as an antitumor and antiviral agent that produces inhibitory effects against EBV and EBV associated gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC). In SNU719 cells, one of EBVaGCs, genipin caused significant cytotoxicity (70 μM), induced methylation on EBV C promoter and tumor suppressor gene BCL7A, arrested cell-cycle progress (S phases), upregulated EBV latent/lytic genes in a dose-dependent manner, stimulated EBV progeny production, activated EBV F promoter for EBV lytic activation, and suppressed EBV infection. These results indicated that genipin could be a promising candidate for antiviral and antitumor agents against EBV and EBVaGC.

Uehara T, Kage-Nakadai E, Yoshina S, et al.
The Tumor Suppressor BCL7B Functions in the Wnt Signaling Pathway.
PLoS Genet. 2015; 11(1):e1004921 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Human BCL7 gene family consists of BCL7A, BCL7B, and BCL7C. A number of clinical studies have reported that BCL7 family is involved in cancer incidence, progression, and development. Among them, BCL7B, located on chromosome 7q11.23, is one of the deleted genes in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. Although several studies have suggested that malignant diseases occurring in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome are associated with aberrations in BCL7B, little is known regarding the function of this gene at the cellular level. In this study, we focused on bcl-7, which is the only homolog of BCL7 gene family in Caenorhabditis elegans, and analyzed bcl-7 deletion mutants. As a result, we found that bcl-7 is required for the asymmetric differentiation of epithelial seam cells, which have self-renewal properties as stem cells and divide asymmetrically through the WNT pathway. Distal tip cell development, which is regulated by the WNT pathway in Caenorhabditis elegans, was also affected in bcl-7-knockout mutants. Interestingly, bcl-7 mutants exhibited nuclear enlargement, reminiscent of the anaplastic features of malignant cells. Furthermore, in KATOIII human gastric cancer cells, BCL7B knockdown induced nuclear enlargement, promoted the multinuclei phenotype and suppressed cell death. In addition, this study showed that BCL7B negatively regulates the Wnt-signaling pathway and positively regulates the apoptotic pathway. Taken together, our data indicate that BCL7B/BCL-7 has some roles in maintaining the structure of nuclei and is involved in the modulation of multiple pathways, including Wnt and apoptosis. This study may implicate a risk of malignancies with BCL7B-deficiency, such as Williams-Beuren syndrome.

Okada T, Nakamura M, Nishikawa J, et al.
Identification of genes specifically methylated in Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric carcinomas.
Cancer Sci. 2013; 104(10):1309-14 [PubMed] Related Publications
We studied the comprehensive DNA methylation status in the naturally derived gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SNU-719, which was infected with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by methylated CpG island recovery on chip assay. To identify genes specifically methylated in EBV-associated gastric carcinomas (EBVaGC), we focused on seven genes, TP73, BLU, FSD1, BCL7A, MARK1, SCRN1, and NKX3.1, based on the results of methylated CpG island recovery on chip assay. We confirmed DNA methylation of the genes by methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing in SNU-719. The expression of the genes, except for BCL7A, was upregulated by a combination of 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine and trichostatin A treatment in SNU-719. After the treatment, unmethylated DNA became detectable in all seven genes by methylation-specific PCR. We verified DNA methylation of the genes in 75 primary gastric cancer tissues from 25 patients with EBVaGC and 50 EBV-negative patients who were controls. The methylation frequencies of TP73, BLU, FSD1, BCL7A, MARK1, SCRN1, and NKX3.1 were significantly higher in EBVaGC than in EBV-negative gastric carcinoma. We identified seven genes with promoter regions that were specifically methylated in EBVaGC. Inactivation of these genes may suppress their function as tumor suppressor genes or tumor-associated antigens and help to develop and maintain EBVaGC.

Kadoch C, Hargreaves DC, Hodges C, et al.
Proteomic and bioinformatic analysis of mammalian SWI/SNF complexes identifies extensive roles in human malignancy.
Nat Genet. 2013; 45(6):592-601 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Subunits of mammalian SWI/SNF (mSWI/SNF or BAF) complexes have recently been implicated as tumor suppressors in human malignancies. To understand the full extent of their involvement, we conducted a proteomic analysis of endogenous mSWI/SNF complexes, which identified several new dedicated, stable subunits not found in yeast SWI/SNF complexes, including BCL7A, BCL7B and BCL7C, BCL11A and BCL11B, BRD9 and SS18. Incorporating these new members, we determined mSWI/SNF subunit mutation frequency in exome and whole-genome sequencing studies of primary human tumors. Notably, mSWI/SNF subunits are mutated in 19.6% of all human tumors reported in 44 studies. Our analysis suggests that specific subunits protect against cancer in specific tissues. In addition, mutations affecting more than one subunit, defined here as compound heterozygosity, are prevalent in certain cancers. Our studies demonstrate that mSWI/SNF is the most frequently mutated chromatin-regulatory complex (CRC) in human cancer, exhibiting a broad mutation pattern, similar to that of TP53. Thus, proper functioning of polymorphic BAF complexes may constitute a major mechanism of tumor suppression.

Yang XR, Pfeiffer RM, Wheeler W, et al.
Identification of modifier genes for cutaneous malignant melanoma in melanoma-prone families with and without CDKN2A mutations.
Int J Cancer. 2009; 125(12):2912-7 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
CDKN2A is a major susceptibility gene for cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), but the variable penetrance and clinical manifestations among mutation carriers suggest the existence of modifier factors. The goal of this study was to identify modifier genes for CMM in CMM-prone families with or without CDKN2A mutations. We genotyped 537 individuals (107 CMM) from 28 families (19 CDKN2A+, 9 CDKN2A-) for 1,536 SNPs in 152 genes involved in DNA repair, apoptosis and immune response pathways. We used conditional logistic regression to account for family ascertainment and differences in disease prevalence among families. Pathway- and gene-based permutation analyses were used to assess the risk of CMM associated with genes in the 5 pathways (DNA repair, apoptosis, TNF/NFkappaB, TH1:TH2 and other immune regulation). Our analyses identified some candidate genes such as FAS, BCL7A, CASP14, TRAF6, WRN, IL9, IL10RB, TNFSF8, TNFRSF9 and JAK3 that were associated with CMM risk (p<0.01, gene-based test). After correction for multiple comparisons, IL9 remained significant (Bonferroni p<0.05). The effects of some genes were stronger in CDKN2A-positive families (BCL7A and IL9), while some were stronger in CDKN2A-negative families (BCL2L1). Our findings support the hypothesis that common genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair, apoptosis and immune response pathways may modify the risk of CMM in CMM-prone families with or without CDKN2A mutations.

Morton LM, Purdue MP, Zheng T, et al.
Risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with germline variation in genes that regulate the cell cycle, apoptosis, and lymphocyte development.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009; 18(4):1259-70 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Chromosomal translocations are the hallmark genetic aberration in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), with specific translocations often selectively associated with specific NHL subtypes. Because many NHL-associated translocations involve cell cycle, apoptosis, and lymphocyte development regulatory genes, we evaluated NHL risk associated with common genetic variation in 20 candidate genes in these pathways. Genotyping of 203 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) was conducted in 1,946 NHL cases and 1,808 controls pooled from 3 independent population-based case-control studies. We used logistic regression to compute odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for NHL and four major NHL subtypes in relation to tag SNP genotypes and haplotypes. We observed the most striking associations for tag SNPs in the proapoptotic gene BCL2L11 (BIM) and BCL7A, which is involved in a rare NHL-associated translocation. Variants in BCL2L11 were strongly related to follicular lymphoma only, particularly rs3789068 (OR(AG), 1.41; 95% CI, 1.10-1.81; OR(GG), 1.65; 95% CI, 1.25-2.19; P(trend) = 0.0004). Variants in BCL7A were strongly related to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma only, particularly rs1880030 (OR(AG), 1.34; 95% CI, 1.08-1.68; OR(AA), 1.60; 95% CI, 1.22-2.08; P(trend) = 0.0004). The associations for both variants were similar in all three studies and supported by haplotype analyses. We also observed notable associations for variants in BCL6, CCND1, and MYC. Our results support the role of common genetic variation in cell cycle, apoptosis, and lymphocyte development regulatory genes in lymphomagenesis, and suggest that effects may vary by NHL subtype. Replication of our findings and further study to identify functional SNPs are warranted.

Potter N, Karakoula A, Phipps KP, et al.
Genomic deletions correlate with underexpression of novel candidate genes at six loci in pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma.
Neoplasia. 2008; 10(8):757-72 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
The molecular pathogenesis of pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is not well defined. Previous cytogenetic and molecular studies have not identified nonrandom genetic aberrations. To correlate differential gene expression and genomic copy number aberrations (CNAs) in PA, we have used Affymetrix GeneChip HG_U133A to generate gene expression profiles of 19 pediatric patients and the SpectralChip 2600 to investigate CNAs in 11 of these tumors. Hierarchical clustering according to expression profile similarity grouped tumors and controls separately. We identified 1844 genes that showed significant differential expression between tumor and normal controls, with a large number clearly influencing phosphatidylinositol and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in PA. Most CNAs identified in this study were single-clone alterations. However, a small region of loss involving up to seven adjacent clones at 7q11.23 was observed in seven tumors and correlated with the underexpression of BCL7B. Loss of four individual clones was also associated with reduced gene expression including SH3GL2 at 9p21.2-p23, BCL7A (which shares 90% sequence homology with BCL7B) at 12q24.33, DRD1IP at 10q26.3, and TUBG2 and CNTNAP1 at 17q21.31. Moreover, the down-regulation of FOXG1B at 14q12 correlated with loss within the gene promoter region in most tumors. This is the first study to correlate differential gene expression with CNAs in PA.

Carbone A, Bernardini L, Valenzano F, et al.
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization in early-stage mycosis fungoides: recurrent deletion of tumor suppressor genes BCL7A, SMAC/DIABLO, and RHOF.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2008; 47(12):1067-75 [PubMed] Related Publications
The etiology of mycosis fungoides (MF), the most frequent form of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL), is poorly understood. No specific genetic aberration has been detected, especially in early-stage disease, possibly due to the clinical and histological heterogeneity of patient series and to the different sources of malignant cells (skin, blood, or lymph node) included in most studies. Frozen skin biopsies from 16 patients with early-stage MF were studied using array-based comparative genomic hybridization. A DNA pool from healthy donors was used as the reference. Results demonstrated recurrent loss of 19, 7p22.1-p22.3, 7q11.1-q11.23, 9q34.12, 12q24.31, and 16q22.3-q23.1, and gain of 8q22.3-q23.1 and 21q22.12. The 12q24.31 region was recurrently deleted in 7/16 patients. Real-time PCR investigation for deletion of genes BCL7A, SMAC/DIABLO, and RHOF-three tumor suppressor genes with a putative role in hematological malignancies-demonstrated that they were deleted in 9, 10, and 13 cases, respectively. The identified genomic alterations and individual genes could yield important insights into the early steps of MF pathogenesis.

Saglam O, Shah V, Worsham MJ
Molecular differentiation of early and late stage laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma: an exploratory analysis.
Diagn Mol Pathol. 2007; 16(4):218-21 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: A current shortcoming in cancer prognostication and treatment is a lack of methods that adequately address the complexity and diversity of the disease. Prognostic marker systems based on single parameters have generally proven inadequate. Thus, multiparametric methods, which rely on many pieces of information, are ideally suited to the grouping of tumor subtypes and the identification of specific patterns of disease progression.
DESIGN: This study investigated, on an exploratory basis, whether genome wide alterations of loss and gain, using a panel of 122 gene probes (112 unique genes), discriminated between early stage (stage 1 and 2) and late stage (stage 3 and 4) laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC). The LSCC cohort comprised 29 patients, 12 early and 17 late staged. Formalin-fixed LSCC DNA was interrogated by a genome wide candidate gene panel (122 genes) using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay.
RESULTS: Statistical analysis employed the nonparametric Wilcoxon 2-sample test. Significant differences between tumor stages of early versus late were seen for the following genes: ERBB4, CASP2, RECQL4, and BCL7A. Loss of ERBB4 (P=0.045) and BCL7A (P=0.019) significantly discriminated between early and late stage LSCC. Gain of RECQL4 copy number (P=0.043) was associated with late LSCC. Gain of CASP2 (P=0.043) marked early LSCC, whereas loss was associated with late LSCC.
CONCLUSIONS: High-throughput genome wide approaches have the potential to yield discrete gene repertoires of early and late stage LSCC differentiation.

Zhang W, Li L, Li X, et al.
Unravelling the hidden heterogeneities of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma based on coupled two-way clustering.
BMC Genomics. 2007; 8:332 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: It becomes increasingly clear that our current taxonomy of clinical phenotypes is mixed with molecular heterogeneity. Of vital importance for refined clinical practice and improved intervention strategies is to define the hidden molecular distinct diseases using modern large-scale genomic approaches. Microarray omics technology has provided a powerful way to dissect hidden genetic heterogeneity of complex diseases. The aim of this study was thus to develop a bioinformatics approach to seek the transcriptional features leading to the hidden subtyping of a complex clinical phenotype. The basic strategy of the proposed method was to iteratively partition in two ways sample and feature space with super-paramagnetic clustering technique and to seek for hard and robust gene clusters that lead to a natural partition of disease samples and that have the highest functionally conceptual consensus evaluated with Gene Ontology.
RESULTS: We applied the proposed method to two publicly available microarray datasets of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a notoriously heterogeneous phenotype. A feature subset of 30 genes (38 probes) derived from analysis of the first dataset consisting of 4026 genes and 42 DLBCL samples identified three categories of patients with very different five-year overall survival rates (70.59%, 44.44% and 14.29% respectively; p = 0.0017). Analysis of the second dataset consisting of 7129 genes and 58 DLBCL samples revealed a feature subset of 13 genes (16 probes) that not only replicated the findings of the important DLBCL genes (e.g. JAW1 and BCL7A), but also identified three clinically similar subtypes (with 5-year overall survival rates of 63.13%, 34.92% and 15.38% respectively; p = 0.0009) to those identified in the first dataset. Finally, we built a multivariate Cox proportional-hazards prediction model for each feature subset and defined JAW1 as one of the most significant predictor (p = 0.005 and 0.014; hazard ratios = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively for two datasets) for both DLBCL cohorts under study.
CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the proposed algorithm is a promising computational strategy for peeling off the hidden genetic heterogeneity based on transcriptionally profiling disease samples, which may lead to an improved diagnosis and treatment of cancers.

van Doorn R, Zoutman WH, Dijkman R, et al.
Epigenetic profiling of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: promoter hypermethylation of multiple tumor suppressor genes including BCL7a, PTPRG, and p73.
J Clin Oncol. 2005; 23(17):3886-96 [PubMed] Related Publications
PURPOSE: To analyze the occurrence of promoter hypermethylation in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) on a genome-wide scale, focusing on epigenetic alterations with pathogenetic significance.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA isolated from biopsy specimens of 28 patients with CTCL, including aggressive CTCL entities (transformed mycosis fungoides and CD30-negative large T-cell lymphoma) and an indolent entity (CD30-positive large T-cell lymphoma), were investigated. For genome-wide DNA methylation screening, differential methylation hybridization using CpG island microarrays was applied, which allows simultaneous detection of the methylation status of 8640 CpG islands. Bisulfite sequence analysis was applied for confirmation and detection of hypermethylation of eight selected tumor suppressor genes.
RESULTS: The DNA methylation patterns of CTCLs emerging from differential methylation hybridization analysis included 35 CpG islands hypermethylated in at least four of the 28 studied CTCL samples when compared with benign T-cell samples. Hypermethylation of the putative tumor suppressor genes BCL7a (in 48% of CTCL samples), PTPRG (27%), and thrombospondin 4 (52%) was confirmed and demonstrated to be associated with transcriptional downregulation. BCL7a was hypermethylated at a higher frequency in aggressive (64%) than in indolent (14%) CTCL entities. In addition, the promoters of the selected tumor suppressor genes p73 (48%), p16 (33%), CHFR (19%), p15 (10%), and TMS1 (10%) were hypermethylated in CTCL.
CONCLUSION: Malignant T cells of patients with CTCL display widespread promoter hypermethylation associated with inactivation of several tumor suppressor genes involved in DNA repair, cell cycle, and apoptosis signaling pathways. In view of this, CTCL may be amenable to treatment with demethylating agents.

Orlandi L, Bearzatto A, Abolafio G, et al.
Involvement of bcl-2 and p21waf1 proteins in response of human breast cancer cell clones to Tomudex.
Br J Cancer. 1999; 81(2):252-60 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Mechanisms of resistance to Tomudex include increased thymidylate synthase activity, as well as reduced intracellular drug uptake and polyglutamation. However, little is known about other mechanisms of resistance, such as a possible protection against Tomudex-induced apoptosis mediated by bcl-2. We transfected the MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cell line, which is characterized by a mutated p53 gene, with cDNA of the bcl-2 gene and generated two clones (MDA-bcl4 and MDA-bcl7) characterized by bcl-2 expression twofold and fourfold that observed in the control cell clone (MDAneo). A concomitant overexpression of p21wafl was also detected in the MDA-bcl7 clone. The MDA-bcl4 clone was three times more resistant to a 24-h Tomudex exposure than the MDAneo clone, whereas the MDA-bcl7 clone was as sensitive to Tomudex as the control cell clone. A lower sensitivity of the MDA-bcl4 clone than MDAneo and MDA-bcl7 clones to 5-fluorouracil and gemcitabine was also observed. No significant difference was noted in the susceptibility of clones to fludarabine and methothrexate. Basal levels of thymidylate synthase activity were superimposable in the three clones. Tomudex induced a marked accumulation of cells in the S phase in all the clones. However, an apoptotic hypodiploid DNA peak and the characteristic nuclear morphology of apoptosis were observed only in the MDA-bcl7 clone after exposure to Tomudex. No difference in the treatment-induced modulation of proteins involved in cell cycle progression (cyclin A, cdk2, pRB, E2F-1) and apoptosis (bcl-2, bax) was observed in the three clones. The only exception was that the expression of p21wafl in the MDA-bcl4 clone was inducible at a Tomudex concentration much higher than that required to induce the protein in the other clones. Overall, the results indicate that bcl-2 and p21wafl proteins concur in determining the cellular profile of sensitivity/resistance to Tomudex.

Zani VJ, Asou N, Jadayel D, et al.
Molecular cloning of complex chromosomal translocation t(8;14;12)(q24.1;q32.3;q24.1) in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line defines a new gene (BCL7A) with homology to caldesmon.
Blood. 1996; 87(8):3124-34 [PubMed] Related Publications
Chromosome 12q24.1 is a recurrent breakpoint in high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). To identify the genes involved at 12q24.1, molecular cloning of a three-way translocation t(8;14;12)(q24.1;q32.3;q24.1) in a Burkitt lymphoma cell line (Wien 133) was performed; all four translocation breakpoints were cloned and sequenced. Analysis of clones encompassing the der(12)(12;14)(q24.1;q32.3) breakpoint showed a CpG island from chromosome 12q24.1 juxtaposed in a tail-to-tail configuration with a productively rearranged Ig VH4-DH-JH5 gene. A total of 4.5 kb of genomic DNA including the CpG island was sequenced and analyzed using gene-identification programs; all three programs identified a potential 92-bp exon within the centromeric boundary of the CpG island. Using this as a probe, an RNA transcript of 3.8 kb, expressed at low levels in a wide variety of normal tissues, was detected. Overlapping cDNA clones were isolated and sequenced. The longest open-reading frame predicted a serine-rich protein of 231 amino acids. This protein, termed BCL7A, exhibited no recognizable protein motifs but showed homology with the actin-binding protein, caldesmon. In Wien 133, the BCL7A breakpoint occurred within the first intron and resulted in a MYC-BCL7A fusion transcript, with exon I of BCL7A being replaced by MYC exon I. The normal, untranslocated allele of BCL7A was also expressed without mutation. One of the 11 other B-NHL cell lines examined with 12q24.1 cytogenetic abnormalities, a mediastinal B-NHL cell line (Karpas 1106), showed biallelic rearrangement within the first intron of BCL7A, which was adjacent to the breakpoint observed in Wien 133. Disruption of the amino-terminus of BCL7A defines a new mechanism in the pathogenesis of a subset of high-grade B-NHL.

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