Gene Summary

Gene:ADAM10; ADAM metallopeptidase domain 10
Aliases: RAK, kuz, AD10, AD18, MADM, CD156c, CDw156, HsT18717
Summary:Members of the ADAM family are cell surface proteins with a unique structure possessing both potential adhesion and protease domains. This gene encodes and ADAM family member that cleaves many proteins including TNF-alpha and E-cadherin. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different proteins that may undergo similar processing. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
Databases:OMIM, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Protein:disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 10
Source:NCBIAccessed: 31 August, 2019


What does this gene/protein do?
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Pathways:What pathways are this gene/protein implicaed in?
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Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1994-2019)
Graph generated 31 August 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

Tag cloud generated 31 August, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

Specific Cancers (3)

Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.

Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).

Latest Publications: ADAM10 (cancer-related)

Sun SQ, Ren LJ, Liu J, et al.
Sevoflurane inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by regulating microRNA-34a/ADAM10 axis.
Neoplasma. 2019; 2019 [PubMed] Related Publications
Sevoflurane is frequently used volatile anesthetic in cancer surgery. It has been suggested that treatment with sevoflurane could suppress migration and invasion of several human cancer cells in vitro. However, the effects of sevoflurane on colorectal cancer (CRC) remains largely unclear. In this study, CRC HCT116 and SW480 cells were treated by various concentrations of sevoflurane. MTT assay and Transwell assay were applied to evaluate the cell viability, migration and invasion abilities of CRC cell lines, respectively. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to examine the expression level of miR-34a, and western blot assay was employed to detect the protein level of ADAM10. The target interaction between miR-34a and ADAM10 was verified through bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporter gene assay system. We found Aberrant inhibitory effects induced by sevoflurane on the cell viability, migration and invasion abilities of HCT116 and SW480 cells in a dose-dependent manner were observed. Up-regulation of miR-34a strikingly suppressed the cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the two cell lines. Sevoflurane could facilitate the miR-34a expression and its suppressor effects on CRC cells was reversed by pre-treatment with miR-34a inhibitors. ADAM10 was identified as a downstream gene of miR-34a, and down-regulated by miR-34a. Overexpression of ADAM10 reverted both miR-34a and sevoflurane-induced repression in the cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of CRC cells. Our data showed Sevoflurane inhibits the migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by regulating microRNA-34a/ADAM10 axis.

Zajda K, Rak A, Ptak A, Gregoraszczuk EL
Compounds of PAH mixtures dependent interaction between multiple signaling pathways in granulosa tumour cells.
Toxicol Lett. 2019; 310:14-22 [PubMed] Related Publications
Mechanism of PAH mixtures, using granulosa tumour cells, was investigated. Cells were exposed to a mixture of all 16 priority PAHs (M1) or a mixture of five PAHs not classified as human carcinogens (M2). The effect of siAHR, siAHRR and siNFKB2 on the expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, GSTM1, ERα, AR and cell proliferation was described. M1 decreased AhR and CYP1A1, while increased AhRR and ARNT expression. M2 also decreased AhR and CYP1A1 but had no effect on AhRR expression. siAHRR reversed the inhibitory effect of M1 on AhR and CYP1A1,while inhibitory effect of M2 was still observed. siNFKB2 reversed inhibitory effect of both mixtures on AhR and CYP1A1 expression and stimulatory effect of M1 on AhRR expression. siAHR reversed stimulatory effect of both mixtures on ERα expression. Stimulatory effect of M1 on cell proliferation was not observed in siAHR, was still observed in siESR1 cells. M2 had no effect on cell proliferation, however stimulatory effect was appeared in siAHR and siESR1cells. In conclusion: M1 by activation of AhRR and NFkB p52, but M2 only by activation of NFκB attenuated AhR signalling and ligand-induced CYP1A1 expression. Interaction between AhR and ER following M1 and M2 exposure is primarily initiated through AhR.

Xue Y, Meehan B, Macdonald E, et al.
CDK4/6 inhibitors target SMARCA4-determined cyclin D1 deficiency in hypercalcemic small cell carcinoma of the ovary.
Nat Commun. 2019; 10(1):558 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Inactivating mutations in SMARCA4 (BRG1), a key SWI/SNF chromatin remodelling gene, underlie small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT). To reveal its druggable vulnerabilities, we perform kinase-focused RNAi screens and uncover that SMARCA4-deficient SCCOHT cells are highly sensitive to the inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6). SMARCA4 loss causes profound downregulation of cyclin D1, which limits CDK4/6 kinase activity in SCCOHT cells and leads to in vitro and in vivo susceptibility to CDK4/6 inhibitors. SCCOHT patient tumors are deficient in cyclin D1 yet retain the retinoblastoma-proficient/p16

Xue Y, Meehan B, Fu Z, et al.
SMARCA4 loss is synthetic lethal with CDK4/6 inhibition in non-small cell lung cancer.
Nat Commun. 2019; 10(1):557 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Tumor suppressor SMARCA4 (BRG1), a key SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling gene, is frequently inactivated in cancers and is not directly druggable. We recently uncovered that SMARCA4 loss in an ovarian cancer subtype causes cyclin D1 deficiency leading to susceptibility to CDK4/6 inhibition. Here, we show that this vulnerability is conserved in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), where SMARCA4 loss also results in reduced cyclin D1 expression and selective sensitivity to CDK4/6 inhibitors. In addition, SMARCA2, another SWI/SNF subunit lost in a subset of NSCLCs, also regulates cyclin D1 and drug response when SMARCA4 is absent. Mechanistically, SMARCA4/2 loss reduces cyclin D1 expression by a combination of restricting CCND1 chromatin accessibility and suppressing c-Jun, a transcription activator of CCND1. Furthermore, SMARCA4 loss is synthetic lethal with CDK4/6 inhibition both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that FDA-approved CDK4/6 inhibitors could be effective to treat this significant subgroup of NSCLCs.

Sépult C, Bellefroid M, Rocks N, et al.
ADAM10 mediates malignant pleural mesothelioma invasiveness.
Oncogene. 2019; 38(18):3521-3534 [PubMed] Related Publications
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive cancer with limited therapeutic options and treatment efficiency. Even if the latency period between asbestos exposure, the main risk factor, and mesothelioma development is very long, the local invasion of mesothelioma is very rapid leading to a mean survival of one year after diagnosis. ADAM10 (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease) sheddase targets membrane-bound substrates and its overexpression is associated with progression in several cancers. However, nothing is known about ADAM10 implication in MPM. In this study, we demonstrated higher ADAM10 expression levels in human MPM as compared to control pleural samples and in human MPM cell line. This ADAM10 overexpression was also observed in murine MPM samples. Two mouse mesothelioma cell lines were used in this study including one primary cell line obtained by repeated asbestos fibre injections. We show, in vitro, that ADAM10 targeting through shRNA and pharmacological (GI254023X) approaches reduced drastically mesothelioma cell migration and invasion, as well as for human mesothelioma cells treated with siRNA targeting ADAM10. Moreover, ADAM10 downregulation in murine mesothelioma cells significantly impairs MPM progression in vivo after intrapleural cell injection. We also demonstrate that ADAM10 sheddase downregulation decreases the production of a soluble N-cadherin fragment through membrane N-cadherin, which stimulated mesothelioma cell migration. Taken together, we demonstrate that ADAM10 is overexpressed in MPM and takes part to MPM progression through the generation of N-cadherin fragment that stimulates mesothelioma cell migration. ADAM10 inhibition is worth considering as a therapeutic perspective in mesothelioma context.

Tsang JYS, Lee MA, Chan TH, et al.
Proteolytic cleavage of amyloid precursor protein by ADAM10 mediates proliferation and migration in breast cancer.
EBioMedicine. 2018; 38:89-99 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Amyloid precursor protein (APP), best known for its association with Alzheimer disease, has recently been implicated in breast cancer progression. However, the precise mechanism involved remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of APP proteolytic cleavage in breast cancer functions.
METHODS: The presence of APP proteolytic cleavage products was examined in breast cancer cell lines. The functional roles of APP in breast cancer were studied in vitro and tumor xenograft model using siRNA. The effects of full length APP and the α-secretase cleaved ectodomain fragment, soluble APPα (sAPPα) were further investigated for their overexpression in breast cancers. The α-secretase involved was identified. The α-secretase expression together with APP was examined in clinical breast cancers.
RESULTS: We showed that APP underwent proteolytic cleavage in breast cancer cells to generate sAPPα. The sAPPα and full length protein mediated breast cancer migration and proliferation, but in different functional extent. This proteolytic cleavage was mediated by ADAM10. Downregulation of APP and ADAM10 brought about similar functional effects. Overexpression of sAPPα reversed the effects of ADAM10 downregulation. Interestingly, in patients with non-luminal breast cancers, APP and ADAM10 expression correlated with each other and their co-expression was associated with the worst outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated the contributory role of APP cleavage on its oncogenic roles in breast cancer. ADAM10 was the key α-secretase. APP and ADAM10 co-expression was associated with worse survival in non-luminal breast cancers. Targeting of APP or its processing by ADAM10 might be a promising treatment option in these cancers.

Guo W, Huang J, Lei P, et al.
LncRNA SNHG1 promoted HGC-27 cell growth and migration via the miR-140/ADAM10 axis.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2019; 122:817-823 [PubMed] Related Publications
Documents have reported that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in tumor progression. Previous study revealed that lncRNA SNHG1 was often elevated in cancer and was linked with poor prognosis in cancer patients. However, its modulatory mechanism has not been fully clarified in gastric cancer (GC). Here, we reported that SNHG1 expression was significantly increased in GC cell lines and tissues. Knockdown of SNHG1 impeded cell growth via disturbing cell cycle distribution and protecting cells from apoptosis. Nevertheless, SNHG1 down-regulation decreased cell invasive ability and reversed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype. Mechanismly, it was found that SNHG1 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA to repress miR-140 expression and thereby elevated its down-stream target ADAM10. In summary, SNHG1 promoted GC cell proliferation and invasion via modulating the miR-140/ADAM10 axis. These findings uncovered that lncRNA SNHG1 could be a candidate target for new therapies in GC patients.

Shiu JS, Hsieh MJ, Chiou HL, et al.
Impact of ADAM10 gene polymorphisms on hepatocellular carcinoma development and clinical characteristics.
Int J Med Sci. 2018; 15(12):1334-1340 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
A disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) family proteins are type-I transmembrane glycoproteins with multiple functions in cell adhesion, migration, proteolysis and signaling. ADAM10 is a member of the ADAM family reportedly involved in cancer progression and has been shown to be overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and significantly associated with tumor progression and shortened survival. This study investigated ADAM10's single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their association to HCC development and regulation. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze five SNPs of ADAM10 in 333 patients with HCC and 1196 controls without cancer. The results indicated that of the 333 patients with HCC, those who carried ADAM10 rs514049 (AC + CC) variants had a higher risk of developing lymph node metastasis (odds ratio [OR] = 5.087, p = 0.027), and those who carried ADAM10 rs653765 (GA + AA) variants had a higher risk of developing distant metastasis (OR = 3.346, p = 0.020) and higher levels of α-fetoprotein. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that the SNPs of ADAM10 are involved in HCC progression. ADAM10 SNPs may be used as therapeutic targets to evaluate poor prognoses for HCC.

Choi D, Montermini L, Kim DK, et al.
The Impact of Oncogenic EGFRvIII on the Proteome of Extracellular Vesicles Released from Glioblastoma Cells.
Mol Cell Proteomics. 2018; 17(10):1948-1964 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive and heterogeneous form of primary brain tumors, driven by a complex repertoire of oncogenic alterations, including the constitutively active epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRvIII). EGFRvIII impacts both cell-intrinsic and non-cell autonomous aspects of GBM progression, including cell invasion, angiogenesis and modulation of the tumor microenvironment. This is, at least in part, attributable to the release and intercellular trafficking of extracellular vesicles (EVs), heterogeneous membrane structures containing multiple bioactive macromolecules. Here we analyzed the impact of EGFRvIII on the profile of glioma EVs using isogenic tumor cell lines, in which this oncogene exhibits a strong transforming activity. We observed that EGFRvIII expression alters the expression of EV-regulating genes (vesiculome) and EV properties, including their protein composition. Using mass spectrometry, quantitative proteomic analysis and Gene Ontology terms filters, we observed that EVs released by EGFRvIII-transformed cells were enriched for extracellular exosome and focal adhesion related proteins. Among them, we validated the association of pro-invasive proteins (CD44, BSG, CD151) with EVs of EGFRvIII expressing glioma cells, and downregulation of exosomal markers (CD81 and CD82) relative to EVs of EGFRvIII-negative cells. Nano-flow cytometry revealed that the EV output from individual glioma cell lines was highly heterogeneous, such that only a fraction of vesicles contained specific proteins (including EGFRvIII). Notably, cells expressing EGFRvIII released EVs double positive for CD44/BSG, and these proteins also colocalized in cellular filopodia. We also detected the expression of homophilic adhesion molecules and increased homologous EV uptake by EGFRvIII-positive glioma cells. These results suggest that oncogenic EGFRvIII reprograms the proteome and uptake of GBM-related EVs, a notion with considerable implications for their biological activity and properties relevant for the development of EV-based cancer biomarkers.

Tawil N, Chennakrishnaiah S, Bassawon R, et al.
Single cell coagulomes as constituents of the oncogene-driven coagulant phenotype in brain tumours.
Thromb Res. 2018; 164 Suppl 1:S136-S142 [PubMed] Related Publications
Molecular profiling of human cancers revealed a startling diversity in disease-causing mechanisms superseding histological and anatomical commonalities. The emerging molecular subtypes and disease entities are often driven by distinct oncogenic pathways and their effectors, including those acting extracellularly on the vascular and coagulation systems. Indeed, several oncogenic mutations such as those affecting protein-coding genes (RAS, EGFR, PTEN, TP53) and non-coding RNA (microRNA) regulate multiple effectors of the coagulation system (coagulome), including tissue factor, protease activated receptors, clotting factors, mediators of platelet function and fibrinolysis. This is exemplified by differential coagulome profiles in the molecular subtypes of glioblastoma, medulloblastoma and other human tumours. There is mounting clinical evidence that the mutational status of cancer driver genes such as KRAS or IDH1 may influence the risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with colorectal, lung or brain cancers. Notably, single cell sequencing in glioblastoma revealed a remarkable intra-tumoural heterogeneity of cancer cell populations with regard to their individual coagulomes, suggesting a combinatorial and dynamic nature of the global pro-thrombotic phenotype. We suggest that the cellular complexity of specific cancers may define their mechanisms of interactions with the coagulation system, and the risks of thrombosis. Thus, more biologically- based, disease-specific and personalized approaches may be needed to diagnose and manage cancer-related thrombosis.

Guo H, Yang S, Li S, et al.
LncRNA SNHG20 promotes cell proliferation and invasion via miR-140-5p-ADAM10 axis in cervical cancer.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2018; 102:749-757 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Recent studies highlight the crucial regulatory roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in carcinogenesis. However, involvement of the lncRNA SNHG20 in cervical cancer progression remains unclear.
METHODS: The expression of SNHG20 and miR-140-5p was determined in cervical cancer. Gain or loss of function assays were used to explore the roles of SNHG20 and miR-140-5p in cervical cancer cells. Luciferase assay and Western blot were used to explore the underlying mechanisms of SNHG20 and miR-140-5p in cervical cancer progression.
RESULTS: QRT-PCR showed that SNHG20 expression was significantly increased in cervical cancer. MiR-140-5p acted as a downstream target of SNHG20. SNHG20 inhibition or miR-140-5p overexpression reduced cervical cancer cells proliferation and invasion ability. Furthermore, we identified that ADAM10 could act as a potential target of miR-140-5p. MEK/ERK signaling could be inhibited by miR-140-5p mimics in cervical cancer cells. In addition, ADAM10 overexpression abrogated the effect of miR-140-5p mimics on cervical cancer cells proliferation and invasion.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that SNHG20 could function as an oncogenic lncRNA by regulating miR-140-5p-ADAM10 axis and MEK/ERK signaling pathway in cervical cancer.

Bao X, Shi J, Xie F, et al.
Proteolytic Release of the p75
Cancer Res. 2018; 78(9):2262-2276 [PubMed] Related Publications
Resistance to anoikis allows cancer cells to survive during systemic circulation; however, the mechanism underlying anoikis resistance remains unclear. Here we show that A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10)-mediated cleavage of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75

Walkiewicz K, Nowakowska-Zajdel E, Strzelczyk J, et al.
Serum levels of ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM17 AND ADAM28 in colorectal cancer patients.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2017 Oct-Dec; 31(4):929-934 [PubMed] Related Publications
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world. Our study analyzed the potential significance of serum levels of selected adamalysines (ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM17, ADAM28) in colorectal cancer patients. The study was performed on a group of 85 colorectal cancer patients (48 men, 37 women). Serum protein concentrations were measured by ELISA. The ADAMs serum level changes were analyzed according to selected clinical parameters (BMI, sex, age, clinical stage of disease). The following ranges of concentration of analyzed proteins were obtained: ADAM10 min=1.7, max=321.8 [ng/ml]; ADAM12 min=0.6, max=26.7 [ng/ml]; ADAM17 min=0.4, max=9.8 [ng/ml]; ADAM28 min=17.1, max=1545.8 [ng/ml]. In addition, it was stated that there is a relationship between the serum level of ADAM28 and the degree of the clinical stage (p less than 0.04). The obtained results could be the starting point for further research into the role of adamalysines in the development of colorectal cancer, as well as the potential predictive and prognostic value of these proteins.

Ramakrishnan S, Hu Q, Krishnan N, et al.
Decitabine, a DNA-demethylating agent, promotes differentiation via NOTCH1 signaling and alters immune-related pathways in muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
Cell Death Dis. 2017; 8(12):3217 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
Aberrant DNA methylation observed in cancer can provide survival benefits to cells by silencing genes essential for anti-tumor activity. DNA-demethylating agents such as Decitabine (DAC)/Azacitidine (AZA) activate otherwise silenced tumor suppressor genes, alter immune response and epigenetically reprogram tumor cells. In this study, we show that non-cytotoxic nanomolar DAC concentrations modify the bladder cancer transcriptome to activate NOTCH1 at the mRNA and protein level, increase double-stranded RNA sensors and CK5-dependent differentiation. Importantly, DAC treatment increases ICN1 expression (the active intracellular domain of NOTCH1) significantly inhibiting cell proliferation and causing changes in cell size inducing morphological alterations reminiscent of senescence. These changes were not associated with β-galactosidase activity or increased p16 levels, but instead were associated with substantial IL-6 release. Increased IL-6 release was observed in both DAC-treated and ICN1 overexpressing cells as compared to control cells. Exogenous IL-6 expression was associated with a similar enlarged cell morphology that was rescued by the addition of a monoclonal antibody against IL-6. Treatment with DAC, overexpression with ICN1 or addition of exogenous IL-6 showed CK5 reduction, a surrogate marker of differentiation. Overall this study suggests that in MIBC cells, DNA hypomethylation increases NOTCH1 expression and IL-6 release to induce CK5-related differentiation.

Ge X, Cui H, Zhou Y, et al.
miR-320a modulates cell growth and chemosensitivity via regulating ADAM10 in gastric cancer.
Mol Med Rep. 2017; 16(6):9664-9670 [PubMed] Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may function as tumor suppressor or onco‑miRNAs and have critical roles in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC). The exact function and mechanism of miRNA (miR)‑320a in GC remains to be elucidated. The present study performed gain‑ and loss‑of‑function analyses by transfecting cells with mimics or inhibitors and subsequently performing colony formation, proliferation and cisplatin‑sensitivity assays. Additionally, in vivo xenograft models were also performed. Bioinformatics algorithms, luciferase reporter activity assay and western blotting were used to predict the potential target of miR‑320a. Additionally, the effect of knockdown or overexpression of ADAM metallopeptidase domain 10 (ADAM10) on cell growth and chemosensitivity was examined. The expression of miR‑320a and ADAM10 was also determined in primary tumors. The present study revealed that the expression of miR‑320a was reduced in GC cells and ectopic miR‑320a expression significantly inhibited cell growth in vitro and in vivo and enhanced the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin. ADAM10 was a direct target of miR‑320a in GC. Knockdown of ADAM10 attenuated the proliferative ability of GC cells, and increased the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin. The upregulated ADAM10 accelerated cell growth rate and reduced the cisplatin‑sensitivity of cells. Clinically, a significantly negative correlation was identified between the expression of miR‑320a and mRNA levels of ADAM10 in tumors. The findings of the present study suggested that miR‑320a may function as a tumor suppressor in GC progression and potential therapeutic strategies for GC may be based on the miR‑320a/ADAM10 axis.

D'Asti E, Anderson GM, Rak J
Inhibition of tissue factor signaling in breast tumour xenografts induces widespread changes in the microRNA expression profile.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017; 494(3-4):700-705 [PubMed] Related Publications
Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane receptor for coagulation factor VII/VIIa and is frequently overexpressed by cancer cells. The TF/VIIa complex acts as the main initiator of the clotting cascade in blood and a trigger of intracellular signaling that changes gene expression and the cellular phenotype. However, pathways mediating these changes are still poorly characterized and especially the impact of TF signals on regulatory microRNA (miR) networks in cancer remains unknown. We show that the monoclonal antibody that selectively neutralises the signaling (but not coagulant) function of human TF (CNTO 2559) inhibits progression of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer xenografts in mice and prolongs animal survival. CNTO 2559 blocks FVIIa-induced expression of interleukin 8 (IL-8) by cancer cells without impacting factor Xa (FXa) generation. Notably, acute exposure of MDA-MB-231 tumour xenografts to CNTO 2559 systemic injections triggers wide spread changes in the tumour miR profile including alterations in 75 miRs (55 downregulated) and impacting several miR-regulated and cancer-related pathways. These results suggest that TF signaling in the tumour microenvironment may provoke vast changes in the miR profile of cancer cells, affect disease biology, and reflect tumour interaction with the coagulation system, thereby presenting itself as a possible biomarker.

Pappa KI, Kontostathi G, Makridakis M, et al.
High Resolution Proteomic Analysis of the Cervical Cancer Cell Lines Secretome Documents Deregulation of Multiple Proteases.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics. 2017 Nov-Dec; 14(6):507-521 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Oncogenic infection by HPV, eventually leads to cervical carcinogenesis, associated by deregulation of specific pathways and protein expression at the intracellular and secretome level. Thus, secretome analysis can elucidate the biological mechanisms contributing to cervical cancer. In the present study we systematically analyzed its constitution in four cervical cell lines employing a highly sensitive proteomic technology coupled with bioinformatics analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: LC/MS-MS proteomics and bioinformatics analysis were performed in the secretome of four informative cervical cell lines SiHa (HPV16
RESULTS: The proteomic pattern of each cancer cell line compared to HCK1T was identified and a detailed bioinformatics analysis disclosed inhibition of matrix metalloproteases in cancer cell lines. This prediction was further confirmed via zymography for MMP-2 and MMP-9, western blot analysis for ADAM10 and by MRM for TIMP1. The differential expression of important secreted proteins such as CATD, FUCA1 and SOD2 was also confirmed by western blot analysis. MRM-targeted proteomics analysis confirmed the differential expression of CATD, CATB, SOD2, QPCT and NEU1.
CONCLUSION: High resolution proteomics analysis of cervical cancer secretome revealed significantly deregulated biological processes and proteins implicated in cervical carcinogenesis.

Labidi-Galy SI, Olivier T, Rodrigues M, et al.
Location of Mutation in
Clin Cancer Res. 2018; 24(2):326-333 [PubMed] Related Publications

Arai J, Goto K, Stephanou A, et al.
Predominance of regorafenib over sorafenib: Restoration of membrane-bound MICA in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018; 33(5):1075-1081 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The multi-kinase inhibitor regorafenib (REG) was recently demonstrated to be effective in patients with sorafenib (SOR)-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Interestingly, SOR is known to enhance the accumulation of membrane-bound MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (mMICA) in HCC cells and to block the production of soluble MICA (sMICA), an immunological decoy. In addition, MICA is associated with HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We have now compared the impact of REG and SOR on MICA in HCC cells, as well as the immunotherapeutic implications thereof.
METHODS: HepG2 and PLC/PRF/5 cells were exposed to REG and SOR, and levels of sMICA and mMICA were measured by ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. The drugs were also tested in vitro for inhibitory activity against recombinant human A disintegrin and metalloprotease 9 (ADAM9), a sheddase that releases MICA from the membrane.
RESULTS: To a greater extent than SOR, but without marked difference in cytotoxicity, REG significantly suppressed mRNA and protein expression of ADAM9 and ADAM10, thereby decreasing production of sMICA and boosting accumulation of mMICA. Accumulation of mMICA in response to REG was reversed by siRNA against ADAM9. However, the drugs did not inhibit the enzymatic activity of ADAM9 in vitro.
CONCLUSIONS: The clinical superiority of REG over SOR is partially attributable to reduced MICA shedding via transcriptional suppression of ADAM9 and ADAM10.

Park J, Kwon JH, Kim N, Song K
Effects of 1950 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on Aβ processing in human neuroblastoma and mouse hippocampal neuronal cells.
J Radiat Res. 2018; 59(1):18-26 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease leading to progressive loss of memory and other cognitive functions. One of the well-known pathological markers of AD is the accumulation of amyloid-beta protein (Aβ), and its plaques, in the brain. Recent studies using Tg-5XFAD mice as a model of AD have reported that exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from cellular phones reduced Aβ plaques in the brain and showed beneficial effects on AD. In this study, we examined whether exposure to 1950 MHz RF-EMF affects Aβ processing in neural cells. We exposed HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells and SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells to RF-EMF (SAR 6 W/kg) for 2 h per day for 3 days, and analyzed the mRNA and protein expression of the key genes related to Aβ processing. When exposed to RF-EMF, mRNA levels of APP, BACE1, ADAM10 and PSEN1 were decreased in HT22, but the mRNA level of APP was not changed in SH-SY5Y cells. The protein expression of APP and BACE1, as well as the secreted Aβ peptide, was not significantly different between RF-EMF-exposed 7w-PSML, HT22 and SH-SY5Y cells and the unexposed controls. These observations suggest that RF-EMF exposure may not have a significant physiological effect on Aβ processing of neural cells in the short term. However, considering that we only exposed HT22 and SH-SY5Y cells to RF-EMF for 2 h per day for 3 days, we cannot exclude the possibility that 1950 MHz RF-EMF induces physiological change in Aβ processing with long-term and continuous exposure.

Manzine PR, Pelucchi S, Horst MA, et al.
microRNA 221 Targets ADAM10 mRNA and is Downregulated in Alzheimer's Disease.
J Alzheimers Dis. 2018; 61(1):113-123 [PubMed] Related Publications
ADAM10 is the α-secretase that cleaves amyloid-β protein precursor in the non-amyloidogenic pathway in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is known to be regulated by different microRNAs (miRNAs), which are post-transcriptional regulators related to several biological and pathological processes, including AD. Here we proposed to explore and validate miRNAs that have direct or indirect relations to the AD pathophysiology and ADAM10 gene. Approximately 700 miRNAs were analyzed and 21 differentially expressed miRNAs were validated in a sample of 21 AD subjects and 17 cognitively healthy matched controls. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with miR-144-5p, miR-221, and miR-374 mimics and inhibitors, and ADAM10 protein levels were evaluated. miR-144-5p, miR-221, and miR-374 were downregulated in AD. The overexpression of miR-221 in SH-SY5Y cells resulted in ADAM10 reduction and its inhibition in ADAM10 increased. These findings show that miR-221 can be a new potential therapeutic target for increasing ADAM10 levels in AD. In addition, these results can contribute to the better understanding of ADAM10 post-transcriptional regulation.

Venkatesh HS, Tam LT, Woo PJ, et al.
Targeting neuronal activity-regulated neuroligin-3 dependency in high-grade glioma.
Nature. 2017; 549(7673):533-537 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
High-grade gliomas (HGG) are a devastating group of cancers, and represent the leading cause of brain tumour-related death in both children and adults. Therapies aimed at mechanisms intrinsic to glioma cells have translated to only limited success; effective therapeutic strategies will need also to target elements of the tumour microenvironment that promote glioma progression. Neuronal activity promotes the growth of a range of molecularly and clinically distinct HGG types, including adult and paediatric glioblastoma (GBM), anaplastic oligodendroglioma, and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). An important mechanism that mediates this neural regulation of brain cancer is activity-dependent cleavage and secretion of the synaptic adhesion molecule neuroligin-3 (NLGN3), which promotes glioma proliferation through the PI3K-mTOR pathway. However, the necessity of NLGN3 for glioma growth, the proteolytic mechanism of NLGN3 secretion, and the further molecular consequences of NLGN3 secretion in glioma cells remain unknown. Here we show that HGG growth depends on microenvironmental NLGN3, identify signalling cascades downstream of NLGN3 binding in glioma, and determine a therapeutically targetable mechanism of secretion. Patient-derived orthotopic xenografts of paediatric GBM, DIPG and adult GBM fail to grow in Nlgn3 knockout mice. NLGN3 stimulates several oncogenic pathways, such as early focal adhesion kinase activation upstream of PI3K-mTOR, and induces transcriptional changes that include upregulation of several synapse-related genes in glioma cells. NLGN3 is cleaved from both neurons and oligodendrocyte precursor cells via the ADAM10 sheddase. ADAM10 inhibitors prevent the release of NLGN3 into the tumour microenvironment and robustly block HGG xenograft growth. This work defines a promising strategy for targeting NLGN3 secretion, which could prove transformative for HGG therapy.

Rak B, Mehlich D, Garbicz F, et al.
Post-transcriptional Regulation of MMP16 and TIMP2 Expression
Cancer Genomics Proteomics. 2017 Sep-Oct; 14(5):389-401 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIM: The post-transcriptional regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) via microRNAs (miRNAs) has been recently described in numerous human malignancies. However, the exact mechanisms of miRNA-mediated MMPs deregulation in endometrial cancer (EC) remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to analyze the expression of MMP2, MMP16 and TIMP2 and identify miRNAs that modulate their expression.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded EC samples. Target prediction algorithms were applied to select miRNAs binding the 3'UTRs of MMP16 (miR-377, miR-382, miR-410, miR-200b) or TIMP2 (miR-200b), and their levels were measured by qPCR in laser capture-microdissected tissue fragments. Luciferase assays and western blotting were used to indicate individual miRNA- mRNA interactions.
RESULTS: Overexpression of MMP2 and MMP16 in cancerous tissues corresponded to down-regulation of miR-377, miR-382 and miR-410, while decreased expression of TIMP2 was associated with miR-200b up-regulation. In vitro experiments confirmed direct regulation of MMP16 by miR-382 and miR-410, and TIMP2 by miR-200b in EC Ishikawa cells.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated novel mechanisms of miRNA-mediated regulation of MMPs activity in EC.

Park GB, Kim D
Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates different catalytic subunits p110 of PI3K in a cell-type-dependent manner to induce lipogenesis-dependent epithelial-mesenchymal transition through the regulation of ADAM10 and ADAM17.
Mol Cell Biochem. 2018; 439(1-2):199-211 [PubMed] Related Publications
The activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) is critical for the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by growth factors, including insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). The activation of intracellular lipogenesis provides proliferative and survival signals for cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the connection between lipogenesis-related EMT processes and IGF-1-mediated PI3K p110 isoform activation in primary (SW480 cells) and metastatic (SW620) colon carcinoma cells. We also examined the underlying signaling pathway that promotes fatty acid synthesis in IGF-1-activated colon cancer cells. IGF-1 stimulation upregulated the expression of lipogenic enzymes as well as the activation of Nardilysin (N-arginine dibasic convertase, NRD1) and its downstream targets, a disintegrin and metalloproteases 10 (ADAM10) and ADAM17. The upregulation of the Lyn/Syk-mediated PI3K p110δ isoform in SW480 cells and the Lyn-dependent PI3K p110α isoform in SW620 cells triggered fatty acid production and cell motility in IGF-1-activated colon cancer cells. Pharmacological inhibition with A66 (PI3K p110α specific inhibitor) and CAL-101 (PI3K p110δ specific inhibitor) efficiently inhibited EMT in colon cancer cells by blocking the NRD1/ADAM family protein signaling pathway. Gene silencing of NRD1 and ADAM family proteins attenuated the generation of intracellular fatty acid and the migratory activity of colon cancer cells. Our results suggest that the different isoforms of the PI3K p110 subunit could be therapeutic targets for primary and metastatic colon cancer and that regulation of the NRD1/ADAM signaling pathway controls lipogenesis-mediated EMT in IGF-1-stimulated colon cancer cells.

Zajda K, Ptak A, Rak A, et al.
Effects of human blood levels of two PAH mixtures on the AHR signalling activation pathway and CYP1A1 and COMT target genes in granulosa non-tumor and granulosa tumor cell lines.
Toxicology. 2017; 389:1-12 [PubMed] Related Publications
Epidemiological studies have shown a link between problems with offspring of couples living in a contaminated environment in comparison to those who live in an uncontaminated environment. We measured the concentrations of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in maternal and cord blood. To explore the mechanism of the effects of PAH mixtures on nonluteinized granulosa cells (HGrC1) and granulosa tumor cells (COV434), as well as cell proliferation and apoptosis, we investigated the effect of PAH mixtures on the expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) genes, as well as the expression and activity of target genes cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT). The cells were exposed to mixture 1 (M1), composed of all 16 priority PAHs, and mixture 2 (M2), composed of five PAHs which are not classified as human carcinogens, and which are observed in the highest amounts both in maternal and cord blood. All 16 priority PAHs were bioavailable in maternal and cord plasma, suggesting that perinatal exposure should be considered. In HGrC1 cells, M1 increased AHR and ARNT, but decreased AHRR expression, in parallel with increased CYP1A1 and COMT expression and activity. M2 decreased AHR and AHRR, and increased ARNT, with no effect on CYP1A1 expression and activity; however, it did increase COMT expression and activity. In tumor cells, M1 lowered AHR and up-regulated AHRR and ARNT expression, consequently decreasing CYP1A1 expression and COMT activity. M2 up-regulated AHR and ARNT, down-regulated AHRR, and had no effect on CYP1A1 and COMT expression, but decreased COMT activity. We hypothesise that, dependent on composition, mixtures of PAHs activate the AHR differently through varying transcription responses: in HGrC1, a canonical AHR mechanism of M1, with activation of CYP1A1 important for detoxication, while in COV434, a noncanonical AHR mechanism, probably by activation the nuclear factor NFkB.

Wu B, Cui J, Yang XM, et al.
Cytoplasmic fragment of CD147 generated by regulated intramembrane proteolysis contributes to HCC by promoting autophagy.
Cell Death Dis. 2017; 8(7):e2925 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal and prevalent cancers worldwide. CD147 (EMMPRIN or basigin) is a leading gene relating to hepatocarcinogenesis and metastasis, and is detected in transmembrane, exosome or circulating forms in HCC patients. The endosome recycling of CD147 further enhances the function of this oncoprotein from a dynamic perspective. However, previous studies about CD147 mainly focused on one separate form, and little attention has been paid to how the different forms of tumor-derived CD147 changes. Moreover, uncovering the roles of the residual C-terminal portion of CD147 after shedding is inevitable to fully understand CD147 promoting tumor progression. In this study, we discovered that under low-cholesterol condition, CD147 endocytosis is inhibited but its shedding mediated by ADAM10 is enhanced. Further procession of residual CD147 in the lysosome produces nuclear-localized CD147-ICD (intracellular domain of CD147), which contributes to autophagy through NF-κB-TRAIL-caspase8-ATG3 axis. As autophagy endows cancer cells with increased adaptability to chemotherapy, and HAb 18 (a specific antibody targeting CD147) inhibits CD147 shedding and sequential CD147-ICD enhances autophagy, we found the combination of HAb 18 and cisplatin exhibited marked antitumor efficiency.

Ding C, Zhang Q, Chen Y, et al.
Overexpression of A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 promotes tumor proliferation, migration and poor prognosis in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
Oncol Rep. 2017; 38(2):866-874 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) protein expression on the progression, migration and prognosis of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were performed to detect ADAM10 expression in human HSCC specimens. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry analysis and wound-healing assay were employed to investigate the effects of ADAM10 knockdown (ADAM10-RNAi) on major oncogenic properties of FaDu cells. We detected that ADAM10 was overexpressed in HSCC specimens and its expression level was associated with differentiation (p<0.001), tumor size (p=0.019), lymph node metastasis (p=0.001), clinical stage (p<0.001), proliferation marker Ki-67 expression (P=0.001) and overall survival (p<0.046). ADAM10-RNAi in FaDu cells resulted in the inhibition of proliferation and the decrease in migration. Moreover, mechanistic experiments revealed that ADAM10-RNAi resulted in an increase in E-cadherin and a decrease in N-cadherin and vimentin expression. Our study implies that high expression of ADAM10 promotes the proliferation and migration of HSCC. These findings may help to provide a method for treatment of HSCC.

Garbicz F, Mehlich D, Rak B, et al.
Increased expression of the microRNA 106b~25 cluster and its host gene MCM7 in corticotroph pituitary adenomas is associated with tumor invasion and Crooke's cell morphology.
Pituitary. 2017; 20(4):450-463 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
PURPOSE: MCM7 (minichromosome maintenance complex component 7), a DNA replication licensing factor, is a host gene for the oncogenic miR-106b~25 cluster. It has been recently revealed as a relevant prognostic biomarker in a variety of cancers, including pituitary adenomas. The purpose of this study was to assess whether miR-106b~25 and MCM7 levels correlate with tumor invasiveness in a cohort of ACTH-immunopositive adenomas.
METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained intraoperatively from 25 patients with pituitary adenoma. Tumor invasiveness was assessed according to the Knosp grading scale. MCM7, Ki-67 and TP53 levels were assessed by immunohistochemical staining, while the expression of miR-106b-5p, miR-93-5p, miR-93-3p and miR-25-3p were measured using quantitative real-time PCR performed on RNA isolated from FFPE tissues.
RESULTS: We have found a significant increase in MCM7 and Ki-67 labeling indices in invasive ACTHomas. Moreover, MCM7 was ubiquitously overexpressed in Crooke's cell adenomas. The expression of miR-93-5p was significantly elevated in invasive compared to noninvasive tumors. In addition, all four microRNAs from the miR-106b~25 cluster displayed marked upregulation in Crooke's cell adenomas. Remarkably, MCM7 and miR-106b-5p both strongly correlated with Knosp grade. A combination of MCM7 LI and miR-106b~25 cluster expression was able to accurately differentiate invasive from noninvasive tumors and had a significant discriminatory ability to predict postoperative tumor recurrence/progression.
CONCLUSIONS: miR-106b~25 and its host gene MCM7 are potential novel biomarkers for invasive ACTH-immunopositive pituitary adenomas. Additionally, they are both significantly upregulated in rare Crooke's cell adenomas and might therefore contribute to their aggressive phenotype.

Buchanan PC, Boylan KLM, Walcheck B, et al.
Ectodomain shedding of the cell adhesion molecule Nectin-4 in ovarian cancer is mediated by ADAM10 and ADAM17.
J Biol Chem. 2017; 292(15):6339-6351 [PubMed] Article available free on PMC after 01/10/2019 Related Publications
We previously showed that the cell adhesion molecule Nectin-4 is overexpressed in ovarian cancer tumors, and its cleaved extracellular domain can be detected in the serum of ovarian cancer patients. The ADAM (

Liu Y, Zhang W, Liu S, et al.
miR-365 targets ADAM10 and suppresses the cell growth and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Oncol Rep. 2017; 37(3):1857-1864 [PubMed] Related Publications
Expression of miR-365 has been reported to be downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-365 in HCC growth and metastasis remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of miR-365 in HCC progression. We found that miR-365 expression was downregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Further results showed that low expression of miR-365 was significantly associated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and lymph node metastasis. Functional assays revealed that overexpression of miR-365 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistic investigations demonstrated that ADAM10 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10) is a target of miR-365 in HCC. In addition, knockdown of ADAM10 in HepG2 cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, which mimicked the suppressive effects induced by miR-365 overexpression. Restoration of ADAM10 expression partially reversed the suppressive effects mediated by miR-365 overexpression. Taken together, these results indicate that miR-365 functions as a tumor-suppressor in HCC through targeting ADAM10, and may serve as a promising candidate for therapeutic applications in HCC treatment.

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